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Eighteen-month-old infants show false belief understanding in an active helping paradigm

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Eighteen-month-old infants show false belief understanding in an active helping paradigm. / Buttelmann, David; Carpenter, Malinda; Tomasello, Michael.

In: Cognition, Vol. 112, No. 2, 08.2009, p. 337-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Buttelmann, D, Carpenter, M & Tomasello, M 2009, 'Eighteen-month-old infants show false belief understanding in an active helping paradigm', Cognition, vol. 112, no. 2, pp. 337-342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2009.05.006

APA

Buttelmann, D., Carpenter, M., & Tomasello, M. (2009). Eighteen-month-old infants show false belief understanding in an active helping paradigm. Cognition, 112(2), 337-342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2009.05.006

Vancouver

Buttelmann D, Carpenter M, Tomasello M. Eighteen-month-old infants show false belief understanding in an active helping paradigm. Cognition. 2009 Aug;112(2):337-342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2009.05.006

Author

Buttelmann, David ; Carpenter, Malinda ; Tomasello, Michael. / Eighteen-month-old infants show false belief understanding in an active helping paradigm. In: Cognition. 2009 ; Vol. 112, No. 2. pp. 337-342.

Bibtex - Download

@article{6fa3b75000b8412c8995c9ba7658a4d8,
title = "Eighteen-month-old infants show false belief understanding in an active helping paradigm",
abstract = "Recently, several studies have claimed that soon after their first birthday infants understand others' false beliefs. However, some have questioned these findings based on criticisms of the looking-time paradigms used. Here we report a new paradigm to test false belief understanding in infants using a more active behavioral response: helping. Specifically, the task was for infants to help an adult achieve his goal - but to determine that goal infants had to take into account what the adult believed (i.e., whether or not he falsely believed there was a toy inside a box). Results showed that by 18 months of age infants successfully took into account the adult's belief in the process of attempting to determine his goal. Results for 16-month-olds were in the same direction but less clear. These results represent by far the youngest age of false belief understanding in a task with an active behavioral measure. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "False belief, Helping, Theory of mind, Infancy, MIND, ATTRIBUTION, COGNITION",
author = "David Buttelmann and Malinda Carpenter and Michael Tomasello",
year = "2009",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.cognition.2009.05.006",
language = "English",
volume = "112",
pages = "337--342",
journal = "Cognition",
issn = "0010-0277",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eighteen-month-old infants show false belief understanding in an active helping paradigm

AU - Buttelmann, David

AU - Carpenter, Malinda

AU - Tomasello, Michael

PY - 2009/8

Y1 - 2009/8

N2 - Recently, several studies have claimed that soon after their first birthday infants understand others' false beliefs. However, some have questioned these findings based on criticisms of the looking-time paradigms used. Here we report a new paradigm to test false belief understanding in infants using a more active behavioral response: helping. Specifically, the task was for infants to help an adult achieve his goal - but to determine that goal infants had to take into account what the adult believed (i.e., whether or not he falsely believed there was a toy inside a box). Results showed that by 18 months of age infants successfully took into account the adult's belief in the process of attempting to determine his goal. Results for 16-month-olds were in the same direction but less clear. These results represent by far the youngest age of false belief understanding in a task with an active behavioral measure. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Recently, several studies have claimed that soon after their first birthday infants understand others' false beliefs. However, some have questioned these findings based on criticisms of the looking-time paradigms used. Here we report a new paradigm to test false belief understanding in infants using a more active behavioral response: helping. Specifically, the task was for infants to help an adult achieve his goal - but to determine that goal infants had to take into account what the adult believed (i.e., whether or not he falsely believed there was a toy inside a box). Results showed that by 18 months of age infants successfully took into account the adult's belief in the process of attempting to determine his goal. Results for 16-month-olds were in the same direction but less clear. These results represent by far the youngest age of false belief understanding in a task with an active behavioral measure. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - False belief

KW - Helping

KW - Theory of mind

KW - Infancy

KW - MIND

KW - ATTRIBUTION

KW - COGNITION

U2 - 10.1016/j.cognition.2009.05.006

DO - 10.1016/j.cognition.2009.05.006

M3 - Article

VL - 112

SP - 337

EP - 342

JO - Cognition

JF - Cognition

SN - 0010-0277

IS - 2

ER -

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