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Research at St Andrews

Empirical Studies of Predator and Prey Behavior

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Empirical studies of predator and prey behavior need to consider that behaviors arise from a dynamic interaction between predators and prey, operating over varying spatial and temporal scales; there are a wide range of alternative, condition-dependent behaviors that can be used; there are two different levels of behavior (avoidance or encounter, and capture or escape) that require different approaches; there are ethical problems of experimenting with predation systems. Therefore empirical studies of predator and prey behavior are often field-based observational studies of more complete natural systems, involving measurements of starvation-predation risk trade-offs, targeted field-experiments, and statistical methods to measure biologically significant effects and to infer causation.



Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Animal Behavior
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780080453378
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

    Research areas

  • Avoidance, Capture, Encounter, Escape, Ethics, Experimental approach, Field studies, Hunting, Nonlethal effects, Observational studies, Spatial scale, Starvation-predation risk trade-off, Temporal scale

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