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Enhanced thermally activated delayed fluorescence through bridge modification in sulfone-based emitters employed in deep blue organic light-emitting diodes

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Abstract

Two thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters bearing a new dipyridyl sulfone core as the electron-accepting unit and di-tert-butyl carbazoles as electron-donating units are reported. The two emitters, pDTCz-2DPyS and pDTCz-3DPyS, differ in the regiochemistry of the substitution about the pyridine rings [pDTCz-2DPyS = 9,9'-(sulfonylbis(pyridine-6,3- diyl))bis(3,6-di-tert-butyl-9H-carbazole); pDTCz-3DPyS = 9,9'-(sulfonylbis(pyridine-5,2-diyl))bis(3,6-di-tert-butyl-9H- carbazole)]. Both compounds show blue emission in the range of 450-465 nm, which is in line with theoretical calculations. They have very similar singlet-triplet energy (ΔEST) gaps (ΔEST = 0.22 eV and 0.21 eV for pDTCz-3DPyS and pDTCz-2DPyS, respectively). pDTCz-2DPyS has a much larger proportion of delayed emission (26.2%) than pDTCz-3DPyS (1.2%)]. The two compounds show comparable photoluminescence quantum yields of 60% in 2,8- bis(diphenylphosphoryl)dibenzo[b,d]thiophene (PPT) doped films. The performance of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) depends on the host used. The maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) in the PPT host of pDTCz-3DPyS is 7.0%, whilst for pDTCz-2DPyS it is 12.4%. High performance is obtained for both materials when bis[2-(diphenylphosphino)phenyl] ether oxide (DPEPO) is used as the host, with a maximum EQE of 13.4% for pDTCz-3DPyS and 11.4% for pDTCz-2DPyS. In addition, pDTCz-3DPyS shows pure blue electroluminescence with CIE color coordinates of (0.15, 0.12) compared to pDTCz- 2DPyS with coordinates of (0.15, 0.19).
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6664-6671
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume7
Issue number22
Early online date23 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2019

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