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Enhancing the photoluminescence quantum yields of blue-emitting cationic iridium(III) complexes bearing bisphosphine ligands

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Diego Rota Martir, Ashu Kumar Bansal, Vincent Di Mascio, David Bradford Cordes, Adam Francis Henwood, Alexandra Martha Zoya Slawin, Paul C J Kamer, Laura Martínez-Sarti, Antonio Pertegás, Henk J. Bolink, Ifor David William Samuel, Eli Zysman-Colman

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Herein we present a structure-property relationship study of thirteen cationic iridium (III) complexes of the form of [Ir(C^N)2(P^P)]PF6 in both solution and the solid state through systematic evaluation of six bisphosphine (P^P) ligands (xantphos, dpephos, dppe, Dppe, nixantphos and isopropxantphos). All of the complexes are sky-blue emissive, but their photoluminescence quantum yield (ΦPL) are generally low. However, strong and long-lived blue luminescence (λem: 471 nm; ΦPL = 52%; τe, of 13.5 μs) can be obtained by combining the reduced bite angle of the 1,2-bis-diphenylphosphinoethene (dppe) chelate with the bulky 2-(4,6-difluorophenyl)-4-mesitylpyridinato (dFmesppy) cyclometalating ligand. To the best of our knowledge this is the highest ΦPL and the longest τe reported for cyclometalated iridium(III) complexes bearing bisphosphine ligands. Light-emitting electrochemical cells (LEECs) were fabricated using lead complexes from this study, however due in part to the irreversible electrochemistry, no functional LEEC was achieved. Organic light-emitting diodes were successfully fabricated but only attained maximum external quantum efficiencies of 0.25%.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-235
JournalInorganic Chemistry Frontiers
Issue number2
Early online date30 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

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