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Research at St Andrews

Establishing an infrastructure for collaboration in primate cognition research

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Author(s)

Drew M. Altschul, Michael J. Beran, Manuel Bohn, Josep Call, Sarah DeTroy, Shona J. Duguid, Crystal L. Egelkamp, Claudia Fichtel, Julia Fischer, Molly Flessert, Daniel Hanus, Daniel B. M. Haun, Lou M. Haux, R. Adriana Hernandez-Aguilar, Esther Herrmann, Lydia M. Hopper, Marine Joly, Fumihiro Kano, Stefanie Keupp, Alicia P. Melis & 12 more Alba Motes Rodrigo, Stephen R. Ross, Alejandro Sánchez-Amaro, Yutaro Sato, Vanessa Schmitt, Manon Karin Schweinfurth, Amanda Madeleine Seed, Derry Taylor, Christoph Johannes Voelter, Elizabeth Warren, Julia Watzek, on behalf of Many Primates

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Inferring the evolutionary history of cognitive abilities requires large and diverse samples. However, such samples are often beyond the reach of individual researchers or institutions, and studies are often limited to small numbers of species. Consequently, methodological and site-specific-differences across studies can limit comparisons between species. Here we introduce the ManyPrimates project, which addresses these challenges by providing a large-scale collaborative framework for comparative studies in primate cognition. To demonstrate the viability of the project we conducted a case study of short-term memory. In this initial study, we were able to include 176 individuals from 12 primate species housed at 11 sites across Africa, Asia, North America and Europe. All subjects were tested in a delayed-response task using consistent methodology across sites. Individuals could access food rewards by remembering the position of the hidden reward after a 0, 15, or 30-second delay. Overall, individuals performed better with shorter delays, as predicted by previous studies. Phylogenetic analysis revealed a strong phylogenetic signal for short-term memory. Although, with only 12 species, the validity of this analysis is limited, our initial results demonstrate the feasibility of a large, collaborative open-science project. We present the ManyPrimates project as an exciting opportunity to address open questions in primate cognition and behaviour with large, diverse datasets.
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0223675
Number of pages19
JournalPLoS One
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2019

    Research areas

  • Evolution, Large-scale collaboration, Open science, Short-term memory, Delayed-response task

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