Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Exploring for senescence signals in native scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the Scottish Highlands

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


T. Fish, Rob Wilson, C. Edwards, C. Mills, A. Crone, A. J. Kirchhefer, H. W. Linderholm, N. J. Loader, E. Woodley

School/Research organisations


The main aim of this project was to explore whether the pine trees in Glen Affric (GAF), one of the more extensive pine woodlands in the northern Scottish Highlands, are, on average, reaching a senescent stage which could ultimately be detrimental to the sustainability of the pine woodland in this region under present management conditions This aim was realized by (1) comparing the mean stand age of the GAF trees to other pine woodlands around Scotland, (2) exploring whether there was a significant pre-death trend in ring-width series from naturally dead trees and (3) assessing whether a notable change in response of tree growth to climate was noted as a function of age which could indicate that trees were entering a state of senescence

The average age of the GAF pine trees is 236 (+/- 36) years compared to 225 (+/- 55) years for Scotland as a whole and comparing the GAF data to older pine trees around Scotland suggests that the current mature trees should remain healthy for at least the next century. We also note no significant pre-death trend in ring-width time-series measured from recently dead standing trees Intriguingly, however, there is a consistent weakening in the response of the pine trees to temperatures through the 20th century. Despite younger trees showing, on average, a stronger response to temperatures, they show the greatest temporal instability in response. This response change is likely not related to tree senescence and ongoing research is exploring this phenomenon in more detail (C) 2010 Elsevier B V All rights reserved



Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-330
Number of pages10
JournalForest Ecology and Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2010

    Research areas

  • Scots pine, Dendrochronology, Senescence, Ring-width, Scotland, AGE-RELATED DECLINE, TREE GROWTH, CLIMATE, DYNAMICS, SCOTLAND, LIMIT, RINGS

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Facilitating tree-ring dating of historic conifer timbers using Blue Intensity

    Wilson, R., Wilson, D., Rydval, M., Crone, A., Büntgen, U., Clark, S., Ehmer, J., Forbes, E., Fuentes, M., Gunnarson, B. E., Linderholm, H. W., Nicolussi, K., Wood, C. V. & Mills, C., Feb 2017, In : Journal of Archaeological Science. 78, p. 99-111 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Dendrochronologically dated pine buildings from Scotland: the SCOT2K native pine dendrochronology project

    Mills, C. M., Crone, A., Wood, C. & Wilson, R., 2017, In : Vernacular Architecture. 48, 1, p. 23-43 21 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Reconstructing Holocene climate from tree rings: The potential for a long chronology from the Scottish Highlands

    Wilson, R., Loader, N. J., Rydval, M., Patton, H., Frith, A., Mills, C. M., Crone, A., Edwards, C., Larsson, L. & Gunnarson, B. E., Jan 2012, In : The Holocene. 22, 1, p. 3-11 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Scientific merits and analytical challenges of tree-ring densitometry

    Björklund, J., von Arx, G., Nievergelt, D., Wilson, R., Van den Bulcke, J., Günther, B., Loader, N. J., Rydval, M., Fonti, P., Scharnweber, T., Andreu-Hayles, L., Büntgen, U., D'Arrigo, R., Davi, N., De Mil, T., Esper, J., Gärtner, H., Geary, J., Gunnarson, B. E., Hartl, C. & 22 others, Hevia, A., Song, H., Janecka, K., Kaczka, R. J., Kirdyanov, A. V., Kochbeck, M., Liu, Y., Meko, M., Mundo, I., Nicolussi, K., Oelkers, R., Pichler, T., Sánchez-Salguero, R., Schneider, L., Schweingruber, F., Timonen, M., Trouet, V., Van Acker, J., Verstege, A., Villalba, R., Wilmking, M. & Frank, D., 10 Sep 2019, (Accepted/In press) In : Reviews of Geophysics. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Yellow-cedar blue intensity tree ring chronologies as records of climate, Juneau, Alaska, USA

    Wiles, G. C., Charlton, J., Wilson, R., D'Arrigo, R. D., Buma, B., Krapek, J., Gaglioti, B. V., Wiesenberg, N. & Oelkers, R., 5 Sep 2019, In : Canadian Journal of Forest Research. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. How differential management strategies affect Ips typographus L. dispersal

    Montano, V., Bertheau, C., Doležal, P., Krumboeck, S., Okrouhlĺk, J., Stauffer, C. & Moodley, Y., 15 Jan 2016, In : Forest Ecology and Management. 360, p. 195-204 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 4349224