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Facilitating tree-ring dating of historic conifer timbers using Blue Intensity

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Facilitating tree-ring dating of historic conifer timbers using Blue Intensity. / Wilson, Rob; Wilson, David; Rydval, Miloš; Crone, Anne; Büntgen, Ulf; Clark, Sylvie; Ehmer, Janet; Forbes, Emma; Fuentes, Mauricio; Gunnarson, Björn E.; Linderholm, Hans W.; Nicolussi, Kurt; Wood, Cheryl Victoria; Mills, Coralie.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 78, 02.2017, p. 99-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Wilson, R, Wilson, D, Rydval, M, Crone, A, Büntgen, U, Clark, S, Ehmer, J, Forbes, E, Fuentes, M, Gunnarson, BE, Linderholm, HW, Nicolussi, K, Wood, CV & Mills, C 2017, 'Facilitating tree-ring dating of historic conifer timbers using Blue Intensity', Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 78, pp. 99-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2016.11.011

APA

Wilson, R., Wilson, D., Rydval, M., Crone, A., Büntgen, U., Clark, S., ... Mills, C. (2017). Facilitating tree-ring dating of historic conifer timbers using Blue Intensity. Journal of Archaeological Science, 78, 99-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2016.11.011

Vancouver

Wilson R, Wilson D, Rydval M, Crone A, Büntgen U, Clark S et al. Facilitating tree-ring dating of historic conifer timbers using Blue Intensity. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2017 Feb;78:99-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2016.11.011

Author

Wilson, Rob ; Wilson, David ; Rydval, Miloš ; Crone, Anne ; Büntgen, Ulf ; Clark, Sylvie ; Ehmer, Janet ; Forbes, Emma ; Fuentes, Mauricio ; Gunnarson, Björn E. ; Linderholm, Hans W. ; Nicolussi, Kurt ; Wood, Cheryl Victoria ; Mills, Coralie. / Facilitating tree-ring dating of historic conifer timbers using Blue Intensity. In: Journal of Archaeological Science. 2017 ; Vol. 78. pp. 99-111.

Bibtex - Download

@article{d3243f89f18b40299687763e6c402cb1,
title = "Facilitating tree-ring dating of historic conifer timbers using Blue Intensity",
abstract = "Dendroarchaeology almost exclusively uses ring-width (RW) data for dating historical structures and artefacts. Such data can be used to date tree-ring sequences when regional climate dominates RW variability. However, the signal in RW data can be obscured due to site specific ecological influences (natural and anthropogenic) that impact crossdating success. In this paper, using data from Scotland, we introduce a novel tree-ring parameter (Blue Intensity – BI) and explore its utility for facilitating dendro historical dating of conifer samples. BI is similar to latewood density as they both reflect the combined hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin content in the latewood cell walls of conifer species and the amount of these compounds is strongly controlled, at least for trees growing in temperature limited locations, by late summer temperatures. BI not only expresses a strong climate signal, but is also less impacted by site specific ecological influences. It can be concurrently produced with RW data from images of finely sanded conifer samples but at a significantly reduced cost compared to traditional latewood density. Our study shows that the probability of successfully crossdating historical samples is greatly increased using BI compared to RW. Furthermore, due to the large spatial extent of the summer temperature signal expressed by such data, a sparse multi-species conifer network of long BI chronologies across Europe could be used to date and loosely provenance imported material.",
keywords = "Tree-ring dating, Dendroarchaeology, Blue Intensity, Conifers",
author = "Rob Wilson and David Wilson and Miloš Rydval and Anne Crone and Ulf B{\"u}ntgen and Sylvie Clark and Janet Ehmer and Emma Forbes and Mauricio Fuentes and Gunnarson, {Bj{\"o}rn E.} and Linderholm, {Hans W.} and Kurt Nicolussi and Wood, {Cheryl Victoria} and Coralie Mills",
note = "The Scottish pine network expansion has been an ongoing task since 2006 and funding must be acknowledged to the following projects: EU project ‘Millennium’ (017008-2), Leverhulme Trust project ‘RELiC: Reconstructing 8000 years of Environmental and Landscape change in the Cairngorms (F/00268/BG)’, the Native Oak and Pine project or ‘NOAP’ (Historic Scotland) and the NERC project ‘SCOT2K:Reconstructing 2000 years of Scottish climate from tree rings (NE/K003097/1)’. Further PhD funding for Milos Rydval is acknowledged from The Carnegie Trust.",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.jas.2016.11.011",
language = "English",
volume = "78",
pages = "99--111",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
issn = "0305-4403",
publisher = "ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Facilitating tree-ring dating of historic conifer timbers using Blue Intensity

AU - Wilson, Rob

AU - Wilson, David

AU - Rydval, Miloš

AU - Crone, Anne

AU - Büntgen, Ulf

AU - Clark, Sylvie

AU - Ehmer, Janet

AU - Forbes, Emma

AU - Fuentes, Mauricio

AU - Gunnarson, Björn E.

AU - Linderholm, Hans W.

AU - Nicolussi, Kurt

AU - Wood, Cheryl Victoria

AU - Mills, Coralie

N1 - The Scottish pine network expansion has been an ongoing task since 2006 and funding must be acknowledged to the following projects: EU project ‘Millennium’ (017008-2), Leverhulme Trust project ‘RELiC: Reconstructing 8000 years of Environmental and Landscape change in the Cairngorms (F/00268/BG)’, the Native Oak and Pine project or ‘NOAP’ (Historic Scotland) and the NERC project ‘SCOT2K:Reconstructing 2000 years of Scottish climate from tree rings (NE/K003097/1)’. Further PhD funding for Milos Rydval is acknowledged from The Carnegie Trust.

PY - 2017/2

Y1 - 2017/2

N2 - Dendroarchaeology almost exclusively uses ring-width (RW) data for dating historical structures and artefacts. Such data can be used to date tree-ring sequences when regional climate dominates RW variability. However, the signal in RW data can be obscured due to site specific ecological influences (natural and anthropogenic) that impact crossdating success. In this paper, using data from Scotland, we introduce a novel tree-ring parameter (Blue Intensity – BI) and explore its utility for facilitating dendro historical dating of conifer samples. BI is similar to latewood density as they both reflect the combined hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin content in the latewood cell walls of conifer species and the amount of these compounds is strongly controlled, at least for trees growing in temperature limited locations, by late summer temperatures. BI not only expresses a strong climate signal, but is also less impacted by site specific ecological influences. It can be concurrently produced with RW data from images of finely sanded conifer samples but at a significantly reduced cost compared to traditional latewood density. Our study shows that the probability of successfully crossdating historical samples is greatly increased using BI compared to RW. Furthermore, due to the large spatial extent of the summer temperature signal expressed by such data, a sparse multi-species conifer network of long BI chronologies across Europe could be used to date and loosely provenance imported material.

AB - Dendroarchaeology almost exclusively uses ring-width (RW) data for dating historical structures and artefacts. Such data can be used to date tree-ring sequences when regional climate dominates RW variability. However, the signal in RW data can be obscured due to site specific ecological influences (natural and anthropogenic) that impact crossdating success. In this paper, using data from Scotland, we introduce a novel tree-ring parameter (Blue Intensity – BI) and explore its utility for facilitating dendro historical dating of conifer samples. BI is similar to latewood density as they both reflect the combined hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin content in the latewood cell walls of conifer species and the amount of these compounds is strongly controlled, at least for trees growing in temperature limited locations, by late summer temperatures. BI not only expresses a strong climate signal, but is also less impacted by site specific ecological influences. It can be concurrently produced with RW data from images of finely sanded conifer samples but at a significantly reduced cost compared to traditional latewood density. Our study shows that the probability of successfully crossdating historical samples is greatly increased using BI compared to RW. Furthermore, due to the large spatial extent of the summer temperature signal expressed by such data, a sparse multi-species conifer network of long BI chronologies across Europe could be used to date and loosely provenance imported material.

KW - Tree-ring dating

KW - Dendroarchaeology

KW - Blue Intensity

KW - Conifers

U2 - 10.1016/j.jas.2016.11.011

DO - 10.1016/j.jas.2016.11.011

M3 - Article

VL - 78

SP - 99

EP - 111

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science

SN - 0305-4403

ER -

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