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Formant modification through vocal production learning in gray seals

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access Status

  • Embargoed (until 20/06/20)

Abstract

Vocal production learning is a rare communication skill and has only been found in selected avian and mammalian species [1, 2, 3, 4]. Although humans use learned formants and voiceless sounds to encode most lexical information [5], evidence for vocal learning in other animals tends to focus on the modulation pattern of the fundamental frequency [3, 4]. Attempts to teach mammals to produce human speech sounds have largely been unsuccessful, most notably in extensive studies on great apes [5]. The limited evidence for formant copying in mammals raises the question whether advanced learned control over formant production is uniquely human. We show that gray seals (Halichoerus grypus) have the ability to match modulations in peak frequency patterns of call sequences or melodies by modifying the formants in their own calls, moving outside of their normal repertoire’s distribution of frequencies and even copying human vowel sounds. Seals also demonstrated enhanced auditory memory for call sequences by accurately copying sequential changes in peak frequency and the number of calls played to them. Our results demonstrate that formants can be influenced by vocal production learning in non-human vocal learners, providing a mammalian substrate for the evolution of flexible information coding in formants as found in human language.
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere4
Pages (from-to)2244-2249
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume29
Issue number13
Early online date20 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2019

    Research areas

  • Vocal learning, Animal communication, Animal cognition, Bioacoustics, Halichoerus grypus, Pinnipeds, Animal music

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