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Research at St Andrews

Fossil Fuels and Energy Justice: Coal, Oil and Gas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

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Darren McCauley

School/Research organisations


Fossil fuel systems are routinely associated with injustice. The inherently carbon-intensive nature of fossil fuels poses serious questions for the future of oil, gas and coal. This is only part of the picture. I explore, firstly, the different characteristics of each energy source, including significant differences in carbon emissions. The chapter broadens its assessment beyond carbon emissions to consider the wider energy context of resource availability, accessibility and sustainability. This includes an assessment of natural reserves, patterns of production and consumption, trade flows, price and long-term trends as well as carbon dioxide emissions. The energy justice framework is then applied to each energy source with a detailed coverage of their respective distributional, recognition and procedural global inequalities.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnergy Justice
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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