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Research at St Andrews

Framing injustice in green criminology: activism, social movements and geography

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)


Darren McCauley

School/Research organisations


Injustice is perceived, experienced and articulated. Social movements, and their constitutive parts, frame and re-frame these senses of injustice. Two often-overlapping accounts of social movements are in focus in this chapter. Human geography has been flooded with movement-based analyses of environmental justice (EJ). Sociology (more appropriately political sociology) has provided insight into social movements in the form of ‘contentious politics’ (CP). Building on both sets of literature, this chapter seeks to advance thought in human geography through a detailed exploration of master and collective action framing. It argues, firstly, that framing analysis challenges activist researchers to retain ‘spatial constructs’ as their central focus, rather than discourse. It calls, secondly, for us to unbind injustice as much as justice in our analysis of framing. And lastly, it demands a multi-spatial perspective on framing beyond simply scalar accounts.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Criminology
Subtitle of host publicationSpatial Analysis and Regional Issues
EditorsLiam Leonard
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Limited
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-78743-377-9, 78-1-78743-458-5
ISBN (Print)9781787433786
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2017

Publication series

NameAdvances in Sustainability and Environmental Justice
PublisherEmerald Publishing Ltd
ISSN (Print)2051-5030

    Research areas

  • Social movements, Environmental justice, Contentious politics, Framing, Scale, Injustice

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