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Geminally substituted tris(acenaphthyl) and bis(acenaphthyl) arsines, stibines and bismuthine: a structural and nuclear magnetic resonance investigation

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Abstract

Tris(acenaphthyl) and bis(acenaphthyl) substituted pnictogens (iPr2P-Ace)3E (24) (E = As, Sb, Bi; Ace = acenaphthene-5,6-diyl) and (iPr2P-Ace)2EPh (5 and 6), (E = As, Sb) were synthesised and fully characterised by multinuclear NMR, HRMS, elemental analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The molecules adopt propeller-like geometries with the restricted rotational freedom of the sterically encumbered iPr2P-Ace groups resulting in distinct NMR features. In the tris(acenaphthyl) species (24) the phosphorus atoms are isochronous in the 31P{1H} NMR spectra, and the rotation of the three acenaphthyl moieties around E–Cipso bond is locked. On the other hand, the bis(acenaphthyl) species show a fluxional behaviour, resulting in an AX to A2 spin system transition in the 31P{1H} VT NMR spectra. This allowed elucidation of remarkable through-space couplings of 8TSJPP 11.5 Hz (for 5) and 25.8 Hz (for 6) at low temperature. In addition, detailed lineshape analysis of the thermodynamic parameters of the restricted rotation of the “propeller blades” in 5 was performed in the intermediate temperature region and also at coalescence. The lone pairs on the pnictogen atoms in 26 are oriented such that they form a bowl shaped area which is somehow buried within the molecule.
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7117-7125
Number of pages9
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume55
Issue number14
Early online date24 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2016

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