Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Gender symmetry in intimate aggression: an effect of intimacy or target sex?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Author(s)

Catharine P. Cross, William Tee, Anne Campbell

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Men's greater use of direct aggression is not evident in studies of intimate partner aggression. In previous research, the effects of target sex and relationship intimacy have frequently been confounded. This study sought to examine these effects separately. One hundred and seventy-four participants (59 male and 115 female) read vignette scenarios in which they were provoked by a same-sex best friend, an opposite-sex best friend, and a partner. For each target, participants estimated their likely use of direct physical and verbal aggression as well as noninjurious forms of anger expression. Results showed that men lower their aggression in the context of an intimate partnership and that this is an effect of the target's sex. In contrast, women raise their aggression in the context of an intimate partnership and this is an effect of intimacy with the target. The use of noninjurious angry behavior did not vary between targets for either sex of the participant, which suggests that the effects of target are confined to behaviors which carry an intention to harm. Possible effects of social norms and oxytocin-mediated emotional disinhibition on intimate partner aggression are discussed. Aggr. Behav. 37:268-277, 2011. (C) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-277
Number of pages10
JournalAggressive Behavior
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Research areas

  • sex differences, intimate partner aggression, anger expression, inhibition, vignettes, Close Relationships, Social-Behavior, Responses, Partners, Violence, Betrayal, Anger, Expression, Oxytocin, Students

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Human mate-choice copying is domain-general social learning

    Street, S. E., Morgan, T. J. H., Thornton, A., Brown, G. R., Laland, K. N. & Cross, C. P., 29 Jan 2018, In : Scientific Reports. 8, 1715.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Sex differences in the use of social information emerge under conditions of risk

    Brand, C. O., Brown, G. R. & Cross, C. P., 3 Jan 2018, In : PeerJ. 6, 18 p., e4190.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Sex differences in confidence influence patterns of conformity

    Cross, C. P., Brown, G. R., Morgan, T. J. H. & Laland, K. N., Nov 2017, In : British Journal of Psychology. 108, 4, p. 655-667

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Father absence and gendered traits in sons and daughters

    Boothroyd, L. G. & Cross, C. P., 5 Jul 2017, In : PLoS One. 12, 7, 19 p., e0179954.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. The impact of parenthood on physical aggression: evidence from criminal data

    Boothroyd, L. G. & Cross, C. P., 14 Oct 2016, In : Aggressive Behavior. 42, 6, p. 577-584 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Reducing aggressive intergroup action tendencies: effects of intergroup contact via perceived intergroup threat

    Schmid, K., Hewstone, M., Küpper, B., Zick, A. & Tausch, N., May 2014, In : Aggressive Behavior. 40, 3, p. 250-262 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. The effects of intimacy and target sex on direct aggression: Further evidence

    Cross, C. P. & Campbell, A., Aug 2012, In : Aggressive Behavior. 38, 4, p. 272-280 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 16144614