Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Grooming interactions among the chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest, Uganda: Tests of five explanatory models

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Author(s)

Kate Arnold, Andrew Whiten

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Patterns of allogrooming among the Sonso community of chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest, Uganda, were examined and found to closely resemble those at other study sites. Strong affiliative bonds among males were reflected in high levels of grooming compared with other sex combinations. Adult males groomed, and received grooming most often from, other adult males and also adolescent females which were the only females with regular oestrous cycles during the study. Males had a wider diversity of grooming partners than females and groomed more equitably. However, males concentrated the majority of their effort on a very small number of partners compared with other sites. Grooming reciprocity was found among all age/sex combinations with the exception of adult male-female dyads once immediate reciprocation in the form of synchronous mutual grooming was removed from the analysis. Since grooming among males is thought to play a major role in servicing relationships and agonistic coalitions that can improve dominance status, competition for high-ranking grooming partners was predicted to influence the distribution of grooming among males. Grooming was indeed directed up the male hierarchy and closely ranked males groomed each other more often than those that were distantly ranked. However, when only adult males were considered, rank had little effect on grooming distributions. High rank appeared to influence access to females, but did not attract more female grooming partners. Grooming distributions in this average-sized community did not fit a number of alternative priority of access models which assume competition for high-ranking grooming partners that Watts (2000b) found to have some explanatory value in one very large community of chimpanzees, but not in a smaller, more representative one. Although rank is highly likely to influence coalition partner choice, whether such relationships depend upon strategic grooming partner choices in wild chimpanzees is presently unclear.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-552
Number of pages34
JournalBehaviour
Volume140
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003

    Research areas

  • Pan troglodytes, grooming, reciprocity, dominance rank, competition, priority of access models, KIBALE-NATIONAL-PARK, SOCIAL-INTERACTION PATTERNS, BONOBOS PAN-PANISCUS, CAPUCHIN MONKEYS, VERVET MONKEYS, ALLOGROOMING BEHAVIOR, CAPTIVE CHIMPANZEES, WILD CHIMPANZEES, FEMALE BABOONS, RHESUS-MONKEYS

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. A deepening understanding of animal culture suggests lessons for conservation

    Brakes, P., Carroll, E. L., Dall, S., Keith, S., McGregor, P., Mesnick, S., Noad, M., Rendell, L., Robbins, M., Rutz, C., Thorton, A., Whiten, A., Whiting, M., Aplin, L., Bearhop, S., Ciucci, P., Fishlock, V., Ford, J., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Simmonds, M. & 5 others, Spina, F., Wade, P., Whithead, H., Williams, J. & Garland, E. C., 28 Apr 2021, In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 288, 1949, 10 p., 20202718.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

  2. The psychological reach of culture in animals’ lives

    Whiten, A., 27 Apr 2021, In: Current Directions in Psychological Science. OnlineFirst

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. The burgeoning reach of animal culture

    Whiten, A., 2 Apr 2021, In: Science. 372, 6537, eabe6514.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

  4. Chimpanzees’ behavioral flexibility, social tolerance and use of tool-composites in a progressively challenging foraging problem

    Harrison, R. A., van Leeuwen, E. & Whiten, A., 19 Feb 2021, In: iScience. 24, 2, 102033.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Why do chimpanzees have diverse behavioral repertoires yet lack more complex cultures? Invention and social information use in a cumulative task

    Vale, G. L., McGuigan, N., Burdett, E., Lambeth, S. P., Lucas, A., Rawlings, B., Schapiro, S. J., Watson, S. K. & Whiten, A., 16 Dec 2020, In: Evolution and Human Behavior. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Drop when the stakes are high: adaptive, flexible use of dropping behaviour by aphids

    Humphreys, R. K., Ruxton, G. D. & Karley, A. J., 30 Mar 2021, In: Behaviour. Advance Articles, p. 1-21 21 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Do orientation and substrate influence apparent turning biases by the 7-spot ladybird, Coccinella septempunctata?

    Humphreys, R. K. & Ruxton, G. D., 20 Mar 2020, In: Behaviour. 157, 3-4, p. 205-230 26 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Cultural evolution of killer whale calls: background, mechanisms and consequences

    Filatova, O. A., Samarra, F. I. P., Deecke, V. B., Ford, J. K. B., Miller, P. J. O. & Yurk, H., 2015, In: Behaviour. 152, 15, p. 2001-2038 38 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

  4. Early-life nutritional stress affects associative learning and spatial memory but not performance on a novel object test

    Kriengwatana, B., Farrell, T. M., Aitken, S. D. T., Garcia, L. & MacDougall-Shackleton, S. A., 2015, In: Behaviour. 152, 2, p. 195-218 24 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 454303

Top