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Research at St Andrews

Hidden Markov models capture behavioral responses to suction-cup tag deployment: a functional state approach to behavioural context

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther contribution


The biological consequences of behavioral responses to anthropogenic noise depend on context. We explore the links between individual motivation, condition, and external constraints in a concept model and illustrate the use of motivational-behavioral states as a means to quantify the biologically relevant effects of tagging. Behavioral states were estimated from multiple streams of data in a hidden Markov model and used to test the change in foraging effort and the change in energetic success or cost given the effort. The presence of a tag boat elicited a short-term reduction in time spent in foraging states but not for proxies for success or cost within foraging states.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-1-4419-7310-8
Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Research areas

  • animal-attached tags,behavioral state,proxies,tagging effects

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ID: 251763494