Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

High thresholds for avoidance of sonar by free-ranging long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The potential effects of exposing marine mammals to military sonar is a current concern. Dose-response relationships are useful for predicting potential environmental impacts of specific operations. To reveal behavioral response thresholds of exposure to sonar, we conducted 18 exposure/control approaches to 6 long-finned pilot whales. Source level and proximity of sonar transmitting one of two frequency bands (1-2 kHz and 6-7 kHz) were increased during exposure sessions. The 2-dimensional movement tracks were analyzed using a changepoint method to identify the avoidance response thresholds which were used to estimate dose-response relationships. No support for an effect of sonar frequency or previous exposures on the probability of response was found. Estimated response thresholds at which 50% of population show avoidance (SPLmax = 170 dB re 1 mu Pa, SELcum = 173 dB re 1 mu Pa-2 S) were higher than previously found for other cetaceans. The US Navy currently uses a generic dose-response relationship to predict the responses of cetaceans to naval active sonar, which has been found to underestimate behavioural impacts on killer whales and beaked whales. The navy curve appears to match more closely our results with long-finned pilot whales, though it might underestimate the probability of avoidance for pilot-whales at long distances from sonar sources. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-180
Number of pages16
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2014

    Research areas

  • Sonar, Pilot-whales, Marine mammals, Noise, Dose-response, AUDITORY-EVOKED POTENTIALS, BEHAVIORAL-RESPONSES, MILITARY SONAR, KILLER WHALES, ORCINUS-ORCA, NAVY SONAR, CETACEANS, AMPLITUDE, SIGNALS, SOUND

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Marine mammals and sonar: dose-response studies, the risk-disturbance hypothesis and the role of exposure context

    Harris, C. M., Thomas, L., Falcone, E., Hildebrand, J., Houser, D., Kvadsheim, P., Lam, F-P. A., Miller, P., Moretti, D. J., Read, A., Slabbekoorn, H., Southall, B. L., Tyack, P. L., Wartzok, D. & Janik, V. M., Jan 2018, In: Journal of Applied Ecology. 55, 1, p. 396-404

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

  2. From physiology to policy: a review of physiological noise effects on marine fauna with implications for mitigation

    Aguilar De Soto, N., Gkikopoulou, K., Hooker, S., Isojunno, S., Johnson, M., Miller, P., Tyack, P., Wensveen, P., Donovan, C., Harris, C. M., Harris, D., Marshall, L., Oedekoven, C., Prieto, R. & Thomas, L., Dec 2016, In: Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics. 27, 1, 14 p., 040008.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

  3. The challenges of analyzing behavioral response study data: an overview of the MOCHA (Multi-study OCean acoustics Human effects Analysis) project

    Harris, C. M., Thomas, L., Sadykova, D., De Ruiter, S. L., Tyack, P. L., Southall, B. L., Read, A. J. & Miller, P., 2016, Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II. Popper, A. N. & Hawkins, A. (eds.). Springer Science and Business Media, p. 399-407 9 p. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; vol. 875).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

  4. Modeling potential masking of echolocating sperm whales exposed to continuous 1–2 kHz naval sonar

    von Benda-Beckmann, A. M., Isojunno, S., Zandvliet, M., Ainslie, M. A., Wensveen, P. J., Tyack, P. L., Kvadsheim, P. H., Lam, F. P. A. & Miller, P. J. O., 30 Apr 2021, In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 149, 4, p. 2908-2925 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Short-term responses of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus to the attachment of suction cup tags

    Warren, V. E., Miller, P. J. O. & Tyack, P. L., 9 Jul 2020, In: Marine Ecology Progress Series. 645, p. 219-234 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Marine Pollution Bulletin (Journal)

    Mark Andrew James (Reviewer)

    23 Oct 2014

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

Related by journal

  1. New tools to evaluate plastic ingestion by northern fulmars applied to North Sea monitoring data 2002–2018

    van Franeker, J. A., Kühn, S., Anker-Nilssen, T., Edwards, E. W. J., Gallien, F., Guse, N., Kakkonen, J. E., Mallory, M. L., Miles, W., Olsen, K. O., Pedersen, J., Provencher, J., Roos, M., Stienen, E., Turner, D. M. & van Loon, W. M. G. M., May 2021, In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 166, 11 p., 112246.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Oxidative stress, metabolic activity and mercury concentrations in Antarctic krill Euphausia superba and myctophid fish of the Southern Ocean

    Seco, J., Freitas, R., Xavier, J. C., Bustamante, P., Coelho, J. P., Coppola, F., Saunders, R. A., Almeida, Â., Fielding, S., Pardal, M. A., Stowasser, G., Pompeo, G., Tarling, G. A., Brierley, A. S. & Pereira, E., May 2021, In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 166, 112178.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Coordination of pollution-related MSFD measures in the Mediterranean - where we stand now and insights for the future

    Gorjanc, S., Klančniks, K., Murillas-Mazas, A., Uyarras, M. C., Papadopoulou, N. K., Paramana, T., Smith, C., Chalkiadaki, O., Dassenakis, M. & Peterlins, M., Oct 2020, In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 159, 111476.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Programmes of measures of the marine strategy framework directive: are they contributing to achieving good environmental status in the Mediterranean?

    Murillas-Maza, A., Uyarra, M. C., Papadopoulou, N. K., Smith, C. J., Gorjanc, S., Klančnik, K., Paramana, T., Chalkiadaki, O., Dassenakis, M. & Pavičić, M., Dec 2020, In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 161, 111715.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. A review of unmanned vehicles for the detection and monitoring of marine fauna

    Verfuss, U. K., Aniceto, A. S., Harris, D. V., Gillespie, D., Fielding, S., Jiménez, G., Johnston, P., Sinclair, R. R., Sivertsen, A., Solbø, S. A., Storvold, R., Biuw, M. & Wyatt, R., Mar 2019, In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 140, p. 17-29 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

ID: 144251420

Top