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Hydride abstraction and deprotonation – an efficient route to low co-ordinate phosphorus and arsenic species

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Abstract

Treatment of Acenap(PiPr2)(EH2) (Acenap = acenaphthene-5,6-diyl; 1a, E = As; 1b, E = P) with Ph3C·BF4 resulted in hydride abstraction to give [Acenap(PiPr2)(EH)][BF4] (2a, E = As; 2b, E = P). These represent the first structurally characterised phosphino/arsino-phosphonium salts with secondary arsine/phosphine groups, as well as the first example of a Lewis base stabilised primary arsenium cation. Compounds 2a and 2b were deprotonated with NaH to afford low co-ordinate species Acenap(PiPr2)(E) (3a, E = As; 3b, E = P). This provides an alternative and practical synthetic pathway to the phosphanylidene-σ4-phosphorane 3b and provides mechanistic insight into the formation of arsanylidene-σ4-phosphorane 3a, indirectly supporting the hypothesis that the previously reported dehydrogenation of 1a occurs via an ionic mechanism.

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Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
VolumeEarly view
Early online date6 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Research areas

  • Phosphorus, Arsenic, Low co-ordinate, Peri-substitution, Base-stabilisation

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