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Improving the performance of SOFC anodes by decorating perovskite with Ni nanoparticles

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Author(s)

Samir Boulfrad, Mark Cassidy, Enrico Traversa, John T S Irvine

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Abstract

In this work (La0.75Sr0.25)0.97Cr 0.5Mn0.5O3 (LSCM) perovskite powders were pre-coated with 5 wt% nickel and mixed with different amounts of CGO for testing as anode materials under 3% wet H2. By using scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) with X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), we demonstrated that Ni forms a solid solution in the perovkite phase under oxidizing atmosphere and exsolves in form of nanoparticles under reducing atmospheres. The presence of the catalyst nanoparticles led to a decrease in the anodic activation energy by half and thus the polarization resistance was dropped by 60% at 800°C. The effect of CGO amount will be also discussed.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1211-1216
Number of pages6
JournalECS Transactions
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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