Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Standard

In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). / Dindo, Marietta; Whiten, Andrew; de Waal, Frans B M.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 4, No. 11, e7858, 11.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Dindo, M, Whiten, A & de Waal, FBM 2009, 'In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)' PLoS One, vol 4, no. 11, e7858. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007858

APA

Dindo, M., Whiten, A., & de Waal, F. B. M. (2009). In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). PLoS One, 4(11), [e7858]. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007858

Vancouver

Dindo M, Whiten A, de Waal FBM. In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). PLoS One. 2009 Nov;4(11). e7858. Available from, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007858

Author

Dindo, Marietta; Whiten, Andrew; de Waal, Frans B M / In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella).

In: PLoS One, Vol. 4, No. 11, e7858, 11.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bibtex - Download

@article{1cbab30c72e042e2bda88d99bd8ecc4b,
title = "In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)",
abstract = "Background: Decades of research have revealed rich cultural repertoires encompassing multiple traditions in wild great apes, a picture crucially complemented by experimental simulations with captive apes. Studies with wild capuchin monkeys, the most encephalized simian species, have indicated a New World convergence on these cultural phenomena, involving multiple traditions and tool use. However, experimental studies to date are in conflict with such findings in concluding that capuchins, like other monkeys, show minimal capacities for social learning. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here we report a new experimental approach in which the alpha male of each of two groups of capuchins was trained to open an artificial foraging device in a quite different way, using either a slide or lift action, then reunited with his group. In each group a majority of monkeys, 8 of 11 and 13 of 14, subsequently mastered the task. Seventeen of the successful 21 monkeys discovered the alternative action to that seeded in the group, performing it a median of 4 times. Nevertheless, all 21 primarily adopted the technique seeded by their group's alpha male. Median proportions of slide versus lift were 0.96 for the group seeded with slide versus 0. 01 for the group seeded with lift. Conclusions/Significance: These results suggest a striking effect of social conformity in learned behavioral techniques, consistent with field reports of capuchin traditions and convergent on the only other species in which such cultural phenomena have been reported, chimpanzees and humans.",
keywords = "Capuchin monkeys, Tool use, Animal culture, Social learning, Foraging, Social conformity",
author = "Marietta Dindo and Andrew Whiten and {de Waal}, {Frans B M}",
note = "Research was supported by a grant IOS-0718010 from the National Science Foundation to the senior author and the basegrant from the National Institutes of Health (RR-00165) to the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and a Royal Society Leverhulme Trust Senior Fellowship to AW. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0007858",
volume = "4",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "11",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)

AU - Dindo,Marietta

AU - Whiten,Andrew

AU - de Waal,Frans B M

N1 - Research was supported by a grant IOS-0718010 from the National Science Foundation to the senior author and the basegrant from the National Institutes of Health (RR-00165) to the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and a Royal Society Leverhulme Trust Senior Fellowship to AW. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

PY - 2009/11

Y1 - 2009/11

N2 - Background: Decades of research have revealed rich cultural repertoires encompassing multiple traditions in wild great apes, a picture crucially complemented by experimental simulations with captive apes. Studies with wild capuchin monkeys, the most encephalized simian species, have indicated a New World convergence on these cultural phenomena, involving multiple traditions and tool use. However, experimental studies to date are in conflict with such findings in concluding that capuchins, like other monkeys, show minimal capacities for social learning. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here we report a new experimental approach in which the alpha male of each of two groups of capuchins was trained to open an artificial foraging device in a quite different way, using either a slide or lift action, then reunited with his group. In each group a majority of monkeys, 8 of 11 and 13 of 14, subsequently mastered the task. Seventeen of the successful 21 monkeys discovered the alternative action to that seeded in the group, performing it a median of 4 times. Nevertheless, all 21 primarily adopted the technique seeded by their group's alpha male. Median proportions of slide versus lift were 0.96 for the group seeded with slide versus 0. 01 for the group seeded with lift. Conclusions/Significance: These results suggest a striking effect of social conformity in learned behavioral techniques, consistent with field reports of capuchin traditions and convergent on the only other species in which such cultural phenomena have been reported, chimpanzees and humans.

AB - Background: Decades of research have revealed rich cultural repertoires encompassing multiple traditions in wild great apes, a picture crucially complemented by experimental simulations with captive apes. Studies with wild capuchin monkeys, the most encephalized simian species, have indicated a New World convergence on these cultural phenomena, involving multiple traditions and tool use. However, experimental studies to date are in conflict with such findings in concluding that capuchins, like other monkeys, show minimal capacities for social learning. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here we report a new experimental approach in which the alpha male of each of two groups of capuchins was trained to open an artificial foraging device in a quite different way, using either a slide or lift action, then reunited with his group. In each group a majority of monkeys, 8 of 11 and 13 of 14, subsequently mastered the task. Seventeen of the successful 21 monkeys discovered the alternative action to that seeded in the group, performing it a median of 4 times. Nevertheless, all 21 primarily adopted the technique seeded by their group's alpha male. Median proportions of slide versus lift were 0.96 for the group seeded with slide versus 0. 01 for the group seeded with lift. Conclusions/Significance: These results suggest a striking effect of social conformity in learned behavioral techniques, consistent with field reports of capuchin traditions and convergent on the only other species in which such cultural phenomena have been reported, chimpanzees and humans.

KW - Capuchin monkeys

KW - Tool use

KW - Animal culture

KW - Social learning

KW - Foraging

KW - Social conformity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70849105570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0007858

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0007858

M3 - Article

VL - 4

JO - PLoS One

T2 - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 11

M1 - e7858

ER -

Related by author

  1. Innovation and social transmission in experimental micro-societies: exploring the scope of cumulative culture in young children

    McGuigan, N., Burdett, E., Burgess, V., Dean, L., Lucas, A., Vale, G. & Whiten, A. 5 Dec 2017 In : Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological Sciences. 372, 1735, 14 p., 20160425

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. A second inheritance system: the extension of biology through culture

    Whiten, A. 6 Oct 2017 In : Interface Focus. 7, 5, 16 p., 20160142

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Acquisition of a socially learned tool use sequence in chimpanzees: implications for cumulative culture

    Vale, G. L., Davis, S. J., Lambeth, S. P., Schapiro, S. J. & Whiten, A. Sep 2017 In : Evolution and Human Behavior. 38, 5, p. 635-644 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Resilience of experimentally-seeded dietary traditions in wild vervets: evidence from group fissions

    van de Waal, E., van Schaik, C. P. & Whiten, A. 1 Aug 2017 In : American Journal of Primatology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Adaptive cultural transmission biases in children and nonhuman primates

    Price, E. E., Wood, L. A. & Whiten, A. Aug 2017 In : Infant Behavior and Development. 48, Part A, p. 45-53 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Related by journal

  1. Hooded seal Cystophora cristata foraging areas in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean— investigated using three complementary methods

    Vacquie-Garcia, J., Lydersen, C., Biuw, M., Haug, T., Fedak, M. A. & Kovacs, K. M. 6 Dec 2017 In : PLoS One. 12, 12, 23 p., e0187889

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Food cleaning in gorillas: social learning is a possibility but not a necessity

    Neadle, D., Allritz, M. & Tennie, C. 4 Dec 2017 In : PLoS One. 12, 12, 16 p., e0188866

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Physiological, morphological, and ecological tradeoffs influence vertical habitat use of deep-diving toothed-whales in the Bahamas

    Joyce, T. W., Durban, J. W., Claridge, D. E., Dunn, C. A., Fearnbach, H., Parsons, K. M., Andrews, R. D. & Ballance, L. T. 11 Oct 2017 In : PLoS One. 12, 10, 27 p., e0185113

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Beyond group engagement: multiple pathways from encounters with the police to cooperation and compliance in Northern Ireland

    Pehrson, S., Devaney, L., Bryan, D. & Blaylock, D. L. 7 Sep 2017 In : PLoS One. 12, 9, 20 p., e0184436

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. PLoS One (Journal)

    Young, S. (Reviewer)
    7 Jun 201719 Jun 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

  2. PLoS One (Journal)

    Hughes, D. J. (Reviewer)
    2014 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

  3. PLoS One (Journal)

    Smith, T. K. (Member of editorial board)
    2014 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

  4. PLoS One (Journal)

    Ozakinci, G. (Editor)
    2013

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  5. PLoS One (Journal)

    Williams, D. J. (Reviewer)
    2013 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

ID: 457057