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Insights into the evolutionary conserved regulation of Rio ATPase activity

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Robert Knüppel, Regitse Christensen, Fiona C. Gray, Dominik Esser, Daniela Strauss, Jan Medenbach, Bettina Siebers, Stuart A. MacNeill, Nicole LaRonde, Sébastien Ferreira-Cerca

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Eukaryotic ribosome biogenesis is a complex dynamic process which requires the action of numerous ribosome assembly factors. Among them, the eukaryotic Rio protein family members (Rio1, Rio2 and Rio3) belong to an ancient conserved atypical protein kinase/ ATPase family required for the maturation of the small ribosomal subunit (SSU). Recent structure-function analyses suggested an ATPase-dependent role of the Rio proteins to regulate their dynamic association with the nascent pre-SSU. However, the evolutionary origin of this feature and the detailed molecular mechanism that allows controlled activation of the catalytic activity remained to be determined. In this work we provide functional evidence showing a conserved role of the archaeal Rio proteins for the synthesis of the SSU in archaea. Moreover, we unravel a conserved RNA-dependent regulation of the Rio ATPases, which in the case of Rio2 involves, at least, helix 30 of the SSU rRNA and the P-loop lysine within the shared RIO domain. Together, our study suggests a ribosomal RNA-mediated regulatory mechanism enabling the appropriate stimulation of Rio2 catalytic activity and subsequent release of Rio2 from the nascent pre- 40S particle. Based on our findings we propose a unified release mechanism for the Rio proteins.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1441-1456
Number of pages16
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Issue number3
Early online date9 Dec 2017
StatePublished - 16 Feb 2018

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