Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Interspecific synchrony of seabird population growth rate and breeding success

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Abstract

Environmental variability can destabilize communities by causing correlated interspecific fluctuations that weaken the portfolio effect, yet evidence of such a mechanism is rare in natural systems. Here, we ask whether the population dynamics of similar sympatric species of a seabird breeding community are synchronized, and if these species have similar exceptional responses to environmental variation. We used a 24-year time series of the breeding success and population growth rate of a marine top predator species group to assess the degree of synchrony between species demography. We then developed a novel method to examine the species group – all species combined – response to environmental variability, in particular, whether multiple species experience similar, pronounced fluctuations in their demography. Multiple species were positively correlated in breeding success and growth rate. Evidence of “exceptional” years was found, where the species group experienced pronounced fluctuations in their demography. The synchronous response of the species group was negatively correlated with winter sea surface temperature of the preceding year for both growth rate and breeding success. We present evidence for synchronous, exceptional responses of a species group that are driven by environmental variation. Such species covariation destabilizes communities by reducing the portfolio effect, and such exceptional responses may increase the risk of a state change in this community. Our understanding of the future responses to environmental change requires an increased focus on the short-term fluctuations in demography that are driven by extreme environmental variability.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2013-2019
Number of pages7
JournalEcology and Evolution
Volume3
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Research areas

  • Community variability, Environmental forcing, Extreme events, Positive correlation, Stability

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Clustered versus catastrophic global vertebrate declines

    Leung, B., Hargreaves, A. L., Greenberg, D. A., McGill, B., Dornelas, M. & Freeman, R., 18 Nov 2020, In : Nature. p. 1-18 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Novel communities are a risky business

    Dornelas, M. & Madin, J. S., 9 Oct 2020, In : Science (New York, N.Y.). 370, 6513, p. 164-165 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

  3. A geometric basis for surface habitat complexity and biodiversity

    Torres-Pulliza, D., Dornelas, M. A., Pizarro, O., Bewley, M., Blowes, S. A., Boutros, N., Brambilla, V., Chase, T. J., Frank, G., Friedman, A., Hoogenboom, M. O., Williams, S., Zawada, K. J. A. & Madin, J. S., 24 Aug 2020, In : Nature Ecology and Evolution.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Recent increases in assemblage rarity are linked to increasing local immigration

    Jones, F. A. M., Dornelas, M. & Magurran, A., 29 Jul 2020, In : Royal Society Open Science. 7, 7, 9 p., 192045.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Landscape-scale forest loss as a catalyst of population and biodiversity change

    Daskalova, G. N., Myers-Smith, I. H., Bjorkman, A. D., Blowes, S. A., Supp, S. R., Magurran, A. E. & Dornelas, M., 19 Jun 2020, In : Science. 368, 6497, p. 1341-1347

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Ecology and Evolution (Journal)

    Joanna Louise Kershaw (Reviewer)

    23 Jan 2019

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  2. Ecology and Evolution (Journal)

    Will Cresswell (Reviewer)

    28 Sep 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  3. Ecology and Evolution (Journal)

    Matt Carter (Reviewer)

    2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  4. Ecology and Evolution (Journal)

    Nora Nell Hanson (Reviewer)

    2016

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  5. Ecology and Evolution (Journal)

    David Michael Shuker (Member of editorial board)

    2011

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

Related by journal

  1. A single pleiotropic locus influences the rate of hybridization between two sibling species of Lygaeus bugs

    Balfour, V., Black, D. & Shuker, D. M., Nov 2020, In : Ecology and Evolution. 10, 21, p. 12224-12232 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Feral populations of Brassica oleracea along Atlantic coasts in western Europe

    Mittell, E. A., Cobbold, C. A., Ijaz, U. Z., Kilbride, E. A., Moore, K. A. & Mable, B. K., 24 Sep 2020, In : Ecology and Evolution. Early View, 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Immunogenetic and tolerance strategies against a novel parasitoid of wild field crickets

    Sikkink, K. L., Bailey, N. W., Zuk, M. & Balenger, S. L., 26 Oct 2020, In : Ecology and Evolution. Early view, 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Using continuous-time spatial capture–recapture models to make inference about animal activity patterns

    Distiller, G. B., Borchers, D. L., Foster, R. J. & Harmsen, B. J., 9 Oct 2020, In : Ecology and Evolution. Early View, 12 p., e6822.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Accounting for preferential sampling in species distribution models

    Pennino, M. G., Paradinas, I., Illian, J. B., Muñoz, F., Bellido, J. M., López-Quílez, A. & Conesa, D., 1 Jan 2019, In : Ecology and Evolution. 9, 1, p. 653-663 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 60110484

Top