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Lateral entorhinal cortex lesions impair both egocentric and allocentric object-place associations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Author(s)

Maneesh V. Kuruvilla, David I. G. Wilson, James A. Ainge

School/Research organisations

Abstract

During navigation, landmark processing is critical either for generating an allocentric-based cognitive map or in facilitating egocentric-based strategies. Increasing evidence from manipulation and single-unit recording studies has highlighted the role of the entorhinal cortex in processing landmarks. In particular, the lateral (LEC) and medial (MEC) sub-regions of the entorhinal cortex have been shown to attend to proximal and distal landmarks, respectively. Recent studies have identified a further dissociation in cue processing between the LEC and MEC based on spatial frames of reference. Neurons in the LEC preferentially encode egocentric cues while those in the MEC encode allocentric cues. In this study, we assessed the impact of disrupting the LEC on landmark-based spatial memory in both egocentric and allocentric reference frames. Animals that received excitotoxic lesions of the LEC were significantly impaired, relative to controls, on both egocentric and allocentric versions of an object–place association task. Notably, LEC lesioned animals performed at chance on the egocentric version but above chance on the allocentric version. There was no significant difference in performance between the two groups on an object recognition and spatial T-maze task. Taken together, these results indicate that the LEC plays a role in feature integration more broadly and in specifically processing spatial information within an egocentric reference frame.
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalBrain and Neuroscience Advances
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2020

    Research areas

  • Hippocampus, Spatial memory, Associative, Episodic memory, Navigation, Medial entorhinal cortex, Cognitive map, Landmarks

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