Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Life expectancy of different ethnic groups using death records linked to population census data for 4.62 million people in Scotland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Laurence Gruer, Geneviève Cézard, Esta Clark, Anne Douglas, Markus Steiner, Andrew Millard, Duncan Buchanan, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Aziz Sheikh, Raj Bhopal


Background: Few countries record the data needed to estimate life expectancy by ethnic group. Such information is helpful in assessing the extent of health
Method: Life tables were created using 3 years of deaths (May 2001?April 2004) linked to Scottish 2001 Census data for 4.62 million individuals with self-reported ethnicity. We created 8 ethnic groups based on the census definitions, each with at least 5000 individuals and 40 deaths. Life expectancy at birth was calculated using the revised Chiang method.
Results: The life expectancy of White Scottish males at birth was 74.7 years (95% CI 74.6 to 74.8), similar to Mixed Background (73.0; 70.2 to 75.8) and White Irish (75.0; 74.0 to 75.9), but shorter than Indian (80.9; 78.4 to 83.4), Pakistani (79.3; 76.9 to 81.6), Chinese (79.0; 76.5 to 81.5), Other White British (78.9; 78.6 to 79.2) and Other White (77.2; 76.4 to 78.1). The life expectancy of White Scottish females was 79.4 years (79.3 to 79.5), similar to mixed background (79.3; 76.6 to 82.0), but shorter than Pakistani (84.6; 82.0 to 87.3), Chinese (83.4; 81.1 to 85.7), Indian (83.3; 80.7 to 85.9), Other White British (82.6; 82.3 to 82.9), other White (82.0; 81.3 to 82.8) and White Irish (81; 80.2 to 81.8).
Conclusions: Males and females in most of the larger ethnic minority groups in Scotland have longer life expectancies than the majority White Scottish population.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1251-1254
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2016

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Effects of dietary and physical activity interventions on the risk of type 2 diabetes in South Asians: meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised controlled trials

    Jenum, A. K., Brekke, I., Mdala, I., Muilwijk, M., Ramachandran, A., Kjøllesdal, M., Andersen, E., Richardsen, K. R., Douglas, A., Cezard, G., Sheikh, A., Celis-Morales, C. A., Gill, J. M. R., Sattar, N., Bhopal, R. S., Beune, E., Stronks, K., Vandvik, P. O. & van Valkengoed, I. G. M., 15 Jun 2019, In : Diabetologia. 62, 8, p. 1337-1348 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. The development and validation of a multivariable prognostic model to predict foot ulceration in diabetes using a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analyses

    Crawford, F., Cezard, G., Chappell, M. & The PODUS Group, Nov 2018, In : Diabetic Medicine. 35, 11, p. 1480-1493

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  3. Differences in all-cause hospitalisation by ethnic group: a data linkage cohort study of 4.62 million people in Scotland, 2001–2013

    Gruer, L. D., Millard, A. D., Williams, L. J., Bhopal, R. S., Katikireddi, S. V., Cézard, G. I., Buchanan, D., Douglas, A. F., Steiner, M. F. C. & Sheikh, A., Aug 2018, In : Public Health. 161, p. 5-11 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Assessment of health care, hospital admissions, and mortality by ethnicity: population-based cohort study of health-system performance in Scotland

    Katikireddi, S. V., Cezard, G., Bhopal, R. S., Williams, L., Douglas, A., Millard, A., Steiner, M., Buchanan, D., Sheikh, A. & Gruer, L., 21 Apr 2018, In : The Lancet Public Health. In press, 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Mortality, ethnicity, and country of birth on a national scale, 2001–2013: a retrospective cohort (Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study)

    Bhopal, R. S., Gruer, L., Cezard, G., Douglas, A., Steiner, M. F. C., Millard, A., Buchanan, D., Katikireddi, S. V. & Sheikh, A., 1 Mar 2018, In : PLoS Medicine. 15, 3, 18 p., e1002515.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal


    Nutt, R. & Ozakinci, G., Sep 2017, In : Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 71, p. A69-A69 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalAbstract

  2. Life-course partnership history and midlife health behaviours in a population-based birth cohort

    Keenan, K., Ploubidis, G. B., Silverwood, R. J. & Grundy, E., Mar 2017, In : Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 71, 3, p. 232-238 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 249995339