Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Local and regional rarity in a diverse tropical fish assemblage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Because most species in an ecological assemblage are rare, much of the species richness we value is due to taxa with few individuals or a restricted distribution. It has been apparent since the time of ecological pioneers such as Bates and Darwin that tropical systems have disproportionately large numbers of rare species, yet the distribution and abundance patterns of these species remain largely unknown. Here, we examine the diversity of freshwater fish in a series of lakes in the Amazonian várzea, and relate relative abundance, both as numbers of individuals and as biomass, to the occurrence of species in space and time. We find a bimodal relationship of occurrence that distinguishes temporally and spatially persistent species from those that are infrequent in both space and time. Logistic regression reveals that information on occurrence helps distinguish those species that are rare in this locality but abundant elsewhere, from those that are rare throughout the region. These results form a link between different approaches used to evaluate commonness and rarity. In doing so, they provide a tool for identifying species of high conservation priority in poorly documented but species rich localities.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number20122076
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume280
Issue number1751
Early online date28 Nov 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

    Research areas

  • Species abundance distribution, Occurrence, Várzea, Freshwater fish, Rare biosphere, Amazon

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Me against who? Male guppies adjust mating behaviour according to their rival’s presence and attractiveness

    Órfão, I., Barbosa, M., Ojanguren, A. F., Vicente, L., Varela, S. & Magurran, A. E., 22 Mar 2019, In : Ethology. Early View, p. 1-10

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. A balance of winners and losers in the Anthropocene

    Dornelas, M., Gotelli, N. J., Shimadzu, H., Moyes, F., Magurran, A. E. & McGill, B. J., 15 Mar 2019, In : Ecology Letters. Early View, 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. β-diversity scaling patterns are consistent across metrics and taxa

    Antão, L. H., McGill, B., Magurran, A. E., Soares, A. & Dornelas, M., 25 Jan 2019, In : Ecography. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Change in the dominance structure of two marine-fish assemblages over three decades

    Moyes, F. & Magurran, A. E., Jan 2019, In : Journal of Fish Biology. 94, 1, p. 96-102 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Simulating shifts in taxonomic and functional β-diversity of ray-finned fishes: probing the Mariana disaster

    Trindade-Santos, I., Eduardo, A. A., Moyes, F., Martinez, P. A., Magurran, A. E. & Gouveia, S. F., Dec 2018, In : Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 16, 4, p. 186-192 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Advances in research on the impacts of anti-submarine sonar on beaked whales

    Bernaldo De Quirós, Y., Fernandez, A., Baird, R. W., Brownell, R. L., Aguilar De Soto, N., Allen, D., Arbelo, M., Arregui, M., Costidis, A., Fahlman, A., Frantzis, A., Gulland, F. M. D., Iñíguez, M., Johnson, M., Komnenou, A., Koopman, H., Pabst, D. A., Roe, W. D., Sierra, E., Tejedor, M. & 1 othersSchorr, G., 30 Jan 2019, In : Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 286, 1895, 20182533.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  2. Linguistic laws in chimpanzee gestural communication

    Heesen, R., Hobaiter, C., Ferrer-i-Cancho, R. & Semple, S., 13 Feb 2019, In : Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 286, 1896

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals

    Wensveen, P. J., Isojunno, S., Hansen, R. R., Von Benda-beckmann, A. M., Kleivane, L., Van Ijsselmuide, S., Lam, F. A., Kvadsheim, P. H., Deruiter, S. L., Curé, C., Narazaki, T., Tyack, P. L. & Miller, P. J. O., 20 Mar 2019, In : Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 286, 1899, 10 p., 20182592.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. The decision to move: response times, neuronal circuits and sensory memory in a simple vertebrate

    Roberts, A., Borisyuk, R., Buhl, E., Ferrario, A., Koutsikou, S., Li, W-C. & Soffe, S. R., 27 Mar 2019, In : Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 286, 1899

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Related by journal

  1. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences (Journal)

    Oscar Eduardo Gaggiotti (Member of editorial board)
    1 Jan 2013 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  2. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Journal)

    Kate Arnold (Reviewer)
    2012 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  3. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences (Journal)

    Michael Gordon Ritchie (Editor)
    20102011

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  4. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Journal)

    Susan Denise Healy (Member of editorial board)
    2009 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  5. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Journal)

    Iain McCombe Matthews (Editor)
    2008 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

ID: 21352201