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Making protected area networks effective for marine top predators.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Author(s)

Sascha Kate Hooker, Ana Maria Canadas, K. David Hyrenbach, Colleen Corrigan, Jeff J. Polovina, Randall R. Reeves

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Abstract

The design of ecological networks of marine protected areas (MPAs) is generally based on the identification of areas of high abundance for species of conservation concern or focal biodiversity targets. We discuss the applicability of this approach to marine top predators and contend that the design of comprehensive and effective MPA networks requires the following 7 principles: (1) the use of wildlife-habitat modelling and spatial mapping approaches to develop testable model predictions of species distribution and abundance; (2) the incorporation of life-history and behavioural data into the development of these predictive habitat models; (3) the explicit assessment of threats in the design and monitoring process for single- or multi-species MPAs; (4) the serious consideration of dynamic MPA designs to encompass species which use well-defined but spatially dynamic ocean features; (5) the integration of demographic assessment in MPA planning, allowing provision of advice to policy makers, ranging from no to full protection; (6) the clear articulation of management and monitoring plans allowing retrospective evaluation of MPA effectiveness; and (7) the adoption of an adaptive management approach, essential in the light of ongoing and anticipated ecosystem changes and species range shifts in response to climate change.
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-218
JournalEndangered Species Research
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Research areas

  • Marine Protected Areas, Marine Reserves, Reserve Networks, Top Predators, Marine Mammals, Marine Birds, Marine Turtles, Predatory Fish

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