Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Mapping serpulid worm reefs (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) for conservation management

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Author(s)

Colin G. Moore, C. Richard Bates, James M. Mair, Graham R. Saunders, Dan B. Harries, Alastair R. Lyndon

School/Research organisations

Abstract

1. This study describes investigations into mapping of the biogenic reefs produced by the polychaete worm, Serpula vermicularis, for the purposes of conservation management.

2. Reef distribution throughout Loch Creran, Scotland. was mapped using a diver transect technique and was found to be restricted to a peripheral band, with a mean upper limit of distribution of 2.7 m. The mean lower limit was found to decrease with distance from the mouth of the loch, with a lower limit of 9.3 in the lower basin rising to 6.6 m in the upper basing the likely influence of a corresponding decrease in the upper depth distribution of muds is discussed.

3. Through determination of the mean width of the reef band and coastline length, the areal extent of the reef band was estimated as 108ha, revealing Loch Creran to harbour the most extensive known development of S. vermicularis reef habitat in the world.

4. The utility of sidescan sonar in mapping serpulid reefs was examined in four of the major embayments. Reef material appeared as characteristic patterning on the sonargrams, with the morphology of individual larger reefs being discernible.

5. Sidescan sonar was found to be particularly valuable for the identification and monitoring of threats to the conservation of serpulid reefs. Sidescan sonar surveying was found to facilitate identification of loss of habitat extent resulting from anthropogenic activities such as moorings, aquaculture installations and dredging and can also be used to monitor the potentially damaging activity of otter trawling. Further improvements in the mode of deployment of sidescan sonar are discussed. Copyright (C) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-236
Number of pages11
JournalAquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Scopus citations8

    Research areas

  • biogenic reef, Serpula vermicularis, sidescan sonar, anthropogenic impact, Loch Creran, SIDESCAN SONAR, VESTFOLD HILLS, SEDIMENTS, ANTARCTICA, SCOTLAND, CLASSIFICATION, NORWAY, CRERAN, INLET, SIZE

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. The Changing Landscape of Prehistoric Orkney

    Wickham Jones, C., Bates, C. R., Bates, M. & Dawson, S. Sep 2017 The Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe - Conditions for Subsistence and Survival (Volume 1) - Per Persson. Vol. 1

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  2. Rethinking human responses to sea-level rise: the Mesolithic occupation of the Channel Islands

    Conneller, C., Bates, M., Bates, R., Schadla-Hall, T., Blinkhorn, E., Cole, J., Pope, M., Scott, B., Shaw, A. & Underhill, D. Dec 2016 In : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 82, p. 27-71 45 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. People and Landscape at the Heart of Neolithic Orkney

    Wickham Jones, C., Bates, M., Bates, C. R., Dawon, S. & Kavanagh, E. 1 Nov 2016 In : Archaeological Review from Cambridge. 13, 2, p. 26-48

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Implications of 36Cl exposure ages from Skye, northwest Scotland for the timing of ice stream deglaciation and deglacial ice dynamics

    Small, D., Rinterknecht, V., Austin, W. E. N., Bates, C. R., Benn, D. I., Scourse, J. D., Bourlès, D. L., Hibbert, F. D. & ASTER Team 15 Oct 2016 In : Quaternary Science Reviews. 150, p. 130-145 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Shipwreck evidence from Kilwa, Tanzania

    Pollard, E., Bates, C. R., Ichumbaki, E. & Bita, C. Sep 2016 In : International Journal of Nautical Archaeology. 45, 2, p. 352-369 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Genetic population structure of harbour seals in the United Kingdom and neighbouring waters

    Olsen, M. T., Islas, V., Graves, J. A., Onoufriou, A., Vincent, C., Brasseur, S., Frie, A. K. & Hall, A. J. 7 Apr 2017 In : Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. Early View, 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Building MPA networks by 2020: IMPAC3 achievements, future challenges and next steps

    Laffoley, D., Baxter, J., Lefebvre, C., Sévin, M-A. & Simard, F. 1 Nov 2014 In : Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 24, S2, p. 238-245 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Abundance and movements of sperm whales in the western Mediterranean basin

    Rendell, L., Simião, S., Brotons, J. M., Airoldi, S., Fasano, D. & Gannier, A. Jul 2014 In : Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 24, S1, p. 31-40 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Assessing sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) movements within the western Mediterranean Sea through photo-identification

    Carpinelli, E., Gauffier, P., Verborgh, P., Airoldi, S., David, L., Di-Méglio, N., Cañadas, A., Frantzis, A., Rendell, L., Lewis, T., Mussi, B., Pace, D. S. & De Stephanis, R. Jul 2014 In : Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 24, S1, p. 23-30 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 3451786