Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Modeling the aggregated exposure and responses of bowhead whales Balaena mysticetus to multiple sources of anthropogenic underwater sound

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Author(s)

William T. Ellison, Roberto Racca, Christopher W. Clark, Bill Streever, Adam S. Frankel, Erica Fleishman, Robyn Angliss, Joel Berger, Darlene Ketten, Melania Guerra, Matthias Leu, Megan McKenna, Todd Sformo, Brandon Southall, Robert Suydam, Len Thomas

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Potential responses of marine mammals to anthropogenic underwater sound are usually assessed by researchers and regulators on the basis of exposure to a single, relatively loud sound source. However, marine mammals typically receive sounds from multiple, dynamic sources. We developed a method to aggregate modeled sounds from multiple sources and estimate the sound levels received by individuals. To illustrate the method, we modeled the sound fields of 9 sources associated with oil development and estimated the sound received over 47 d by a population of 10 000 simulated bowhead whales Balaena mysticetus on their annual migration through the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. Empirical data were sufficient to parameterize simulations of the distribution of individual whales over time and their range of movement patterns. We ran 2 simulations to estimate the sound exposure history and distances traveled by bowhead whales: one in which they could change their movement paths (avert) in response to set levels of sound and one in which they could not avert. When animals could not avert, about 2% of the simulated population was exposed to root mean square (rms) sound pressure levels (SPL) ≥ 180 dB re 1 mu Pa, a level that regulators in the U.S. often associate with injury. When animals could avert from sound levels that regulators often associate with behavioral disturbance (rms SPL > 160 dB re 1  μPa), <1% of the simulated population was exposed to levels associated with injury. Nevertheless, many simulated bowhead whales received sound levels considerably above ambient throughout their migration. Our method enables estimates of the aggregated level of sound to which populations are exposed over extensive areas and time periods.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-108
Number of pages14
JournalEndangered Species Research
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2016

    Research areas

  • Arctic, Cumulative effects, Harassment, Incidental take, Marine mammals, Negligible impact

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Estimating effective detection area of static passive acoustic data loggers from playback experiments with cetacean vocalisations

    Nuuttila, H. K., Brundiers, K., Dähne, M., Koblitz, J. C., Thomas, L., Courtene-Jones, W., Evans, P. G. H., Turner, J. R., Bennell, J. D. & Hiddink, J. G., Dec 2018, In : Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 9, 12, p. 2362-2371

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Basin-scale distribution of harbour porpoises in the Baltic Sea provides basis for effective conservation actions

    Carlén, I., Thomas, L., Carlström, J., Amundin, M., Teilmann, J., Tregenza, N., Tougaard, J., Koblitz, J. C., Sveegaard, S., Wennerberg, D., Loisa, O., Dähne, M., Brundiers, K., Kosecka, M., Kyhn, L. A., Ljungqvist, C. T., Pawliczka, I., Koza, R., Arciszewski, B., Galatius, A. & 9 othersJabbusch, M., Laaksonlaita, J., Niemi, J., Lyytinen, S., Gallus, A., Benke, H., Blankett, P., Skóra, K. E. & Acevedo-Gutiérrez, A., Oct 2018, In : Biological Conservation. 226, p. 42-53 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Understanding the population consequences of disturbance

    Pirotta, E., Booth, C. G., Costa, D. P., Fleishman, E., Kraus, S. D., Lusseau, D., Moretti, D., New, L. F., Schick, R. S., Schwarz, L. K., Simmons, S. E., Thomas, L., Tyack, P. L., Weise, M. J., Wells, R. S. & Harwood, J., 12 Sep 2018, In : Ecology and Evolution. Early View, 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  4. Fin whale density and distribution estimation using acoustic bearings derived from sparse arrays

    Harris, D. V., Miksis-Olds, J. L., Vernon, J. A. & Thomas, L., May 2018, In : Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 143, 5, p. 2980-2993 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta density and abundance in Chesapeake Bay and the temperate ocean waters of the southern portion of the Mid-Atlantic Bight

    Barco, S. G., Burt, M. L., DiGiovanni, R. A., Swingle, W. M. & Williard, A. S., 13 Dec 2018, In : Endangered Species Research. 37, p. 269-287 19 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Animal Counting Toolkit: a practical guide to small-boat surveys for estimating abundance of coastal marine mammals

    Williams, R., Ashe, E. E., Gaut, K., Gryba, R., Moore, J. E., Rexstad, E., Sandilands, D., Steventon, J. & Reeves, R., 10 Aug 2017, In : Endangered Species Research. 34, p. 149-165 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Assigning stranded bottlenose dolphins to source stocks using stable isotope ratios following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill

    Hohn, A. A., Thomas, L., Carmichael, R. H., Litz, J., Clemons-Chevis, C., Shippee, S. F., Sinclair, C., Smith, S., Speakman, T. R., Tumlin, M. C. & Zolman, E. S., 31 Jan 2017, In : Endangered Species Research. 33, p. 235-252 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Late summer distribution and abundance of ice-associated whales in the Norwegian High Arctic

    Vacquié-Garcia, J., Lydersen, C., Marques, T. A., Aars, J., Ahonen, H., Skern-Mauritzen, M., Øien, N. & Kovacs, K. M., 7 Feb 2017, In : Endangered Species Research. 32, p. 59-70 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Quantifying injury to common bottlenose dolphins from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill using an age-, sex- and class-structured population model

    Schwacke, L. H., Thomas, L., Wells, R. S., McFee, W. E., Hohn, A. A., Mullin, K. D., Zolman, E. S., Quigley, B. M., Rowles, T. K. & Schwacke, J. H., 31 Jan 2017, In : Endangered Species Research. 33, p. 265-279 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Endangered Species Research (Journal)

    Sophie Caroline Smout (Reviewer)
    7 Mar 2018

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  2. Endangered Species Research (Journal)

    Monica Arso Civil (Reviewer)
    2016

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  3. Endangered Species Research (Journal)

    Simon Northridge (Guest editor)
    2012

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  4. Endangered Species Research (Journal)

    Jason Matthiopoulos (Editor)
    2007 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

ID: 244761345