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Multitarget-directed ligands combining cholinesterase and monoamine oxidase inhibition with histamine H3R antagonism for neurodegenerative diseases

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle



Óscar M. Bautista-Aguilera, Stefanie Hagenow, Alejandra Palomino-Antolin, Víctor Farré-Alins, Lhassane Ismaili, Pierre-Louis Joffrin, María L. Jimeno, Ondřej Soukup, Jana Janočková, Lena Kalinowsky, Ewgenij Proschak, Isabel Iriepa, Ignacio Moraleda, Johannes S. Schwed, Alejandro Romero Martínez, Francisco López-Muñoz, Mourad Chioua, Javier Egea, Rona R. Ramsay, José Marco-Contelles & 1 others Holger Stark

School/Research organisations


The therapy of complex neurodegenerative diseases requires the development of multitarget-directed drugs (MTDs). Novel indole derivatives with inhibitory activity towards acetyl/butyrylcholinesterases and monoamine oxidases A/B as well as the histamine H3 receptor (H3R) were obtained by optimization of the neuroprotectant ASS234 by incorporating generally accepted H3R pharmacophore motifs. These small-molecule hits demonstrated balanced activities at the targets, mostly in the nanomolar concentration range. Additional in vitro studies showed antioxidative neuroprotective effects as well as the ability to penetrate the blood–brain barrier. With this promising in vitro profile, contilisant (at 1 mg kg−1 i.p.) also significantly improved lipopolysaccharide-induced cognitive deficits.


Original languageEnglish
Article number201706072R2
Pages (from-to)12765–12769
Number of pages5
JournalAngewandte Chemie International Edition
Issue number41
Early online date1 Sep 2017
StatePublished - 2 Oct 2017

    Research areas

  • Antioxidants, Drug design, Inhibitors, Multitarget drugs, Neurological agents

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