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Nature of the spin liquid ground state in a breathing kagome compound studied by NMR and series expansion

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Author(s)

J. C. Orain, B. Bernu, P. Mendels, L. Clark, F. H. Aidoudi, P. Lightfoot, R. E. Morris, F. Bert

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Abstract

In the vanadium oxyfluoride compound (NH4)2[C7H14N][V7O6F18] (DQVOF), the V4+ (3d1, S=1/2) ions realize a unique, highly frustrated breathing kagome lattice composed of alternately sized, corner-sharing equilateral triangles. Here we present an 17O NMR study of DQVOF, which isolates the local susceptibility of the breathing kagome network. By a fit to series expansion, we extract the ratio of the interactions within the breathing kagome plane, J/JΔ = 0.55(4), and the mean antiferromagnetic interaction J = 60(7) K. Spin lattice (T1) measurements reveal an essentially gapless excitation spectrum with a maximum gap Δ/J = 0.007(7). Our study provides new impetus for further theoretical investigations in order to establish whether the gapless spin liquid behavior displayed by DQVOF is intrinsic to its breathing kagome lattice or whether it is due to perturbations to this model, such as a residual coupling of the V4+ ions in the breathing kagome planes to the interlayer V3+ (S=1) spins.

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Original languageEnglish
Article number237203
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume118
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2017

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