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Normal state 17O NMR studies of Sr2RuO4 under uniaxial stress

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Yongkang Luo, A. Pustogow, P. Guzman, A. P. Dioguardi, S. M. Thomas, F. Ronning, N. Kikugawa, D. A. Sokolov, F. Jerzembeck, A. P. Mackenzie, C. W. Hicks, E. D. Bauer, I. I. Mazin, S. E. Brown

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The effects of uniaxial compressive stress on the normal state 17O nuclear-magnetic-resonance properties of the unconventional superconductor Sr2RuO4 are reported. The paramagnetic shifts of both planar and apical oxygen sites show pronounced anomalies near the nominal a-axis strain ϵaa≡ϵv that maximizes the superconducting transition temperature Tc. The spin susceptibility weakly increases on lowering the temperature below T≃10  K, consistent with an enhanced density of states associated with passing the Fermi energy through a van Hove singularity. Although such a Lifshitz transition occurs in the γ band formed by the Ru dxy states hybridized with in-plane O pπ orbitals, the large Hund’s coupling renormalizes the uniform spin susceptibility, which, in turn, affects the hyperfine fields of all nuclei. We estimate this “Stoner” renormalization S by combining the data with first-principles calculations and conclude that this is an important part of the strain effect, with implications for superconductivity.


Original languageEnglish
Article number021044
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review X
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2019

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