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Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals

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Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals. / Wensveen, Paul J.; Isojunno, Saana; Hansen, Rune R.; Von Benda-beckmann, Alexander M.; Kleivane, Lars; Van Ijsselmuide, Sander; Lam, Frans-peter A.; Kvadsheim, Petter H.; Deruiter, Stacy L.; Curé, Charlotte; Narazaki, Tomoko; Tyack, Peter L.; Miller, Patrick J. O.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 286, No. 1899, 20182592, 20.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Wensveen, PJ, Isojunno, S, Hansen, RR, Von Benda-beckmann, AM, Kleivane, L, Van Ijsselmuide, S, Lam, FA, Kvadsheim, PH, Deruiter, SL, Curé, C, Narazaki, T, Tyack, PL & Miller, PJO 2019, 'Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals', Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 286, no. 1899, 20182592. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.2592

APA

Wensveen, P. J., Isojunno, S., Hansen, R. R., Von Benda-beckmann, A. M., Kleivane, L., Van Ijsselmuide, S., ... Miller, P. J. O. (2019). Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286(1899), [20182592]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.2592

Vancouver

Wensveen PJ, Isojunno S, Hansen RR, Von Benda-beckmann AM, Kleivane L, Van Ijsselmuide S et al. Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2019 Mar 20;286(1899). 20182592. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.2592

Author

Wensveen, Paul J. ; Isojunno, Saana ; Hansen, Rune R. ; Von Benda-beckmann, Alexander M. ; Kleivane, Lars ; Van Ijsselmuide, Sander ; Lam, Frans-peter A. ; Kvadsheim, Petter H. ; Deruiter, Stacy L. ; Curé, Charlotte ; Narazaki, Tomoko ; Tyack, Peter L. ; Miller, Patrick J. O. / Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 286, No. 1899.

Bibtex - Download

@article{54d9d3c419c44f7b93e0764ef963d982,
title = "Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals",
abstract = "Impact assessments for sonar operations typically use received sound levels to predict behavioural disturbance in marine mammals. However, there are indications that cetaceans may learn to associate exposures from distant sound sources with lower perceived risk. To investigate the roles of source distance and received level in an area without frequent sonar activity, we conducted multi-scale controlled exposure experiments (n = 3) with 12 northern bottlenose whales near Jan Mayen, Norway. Animals were tagged with high-resolution archival tags (n = 1 per experiment) or medium-resolution satellite tags (n = 9 in total) and subsequently exposed to sonar. We also deployed bottom-moored recorders to acoustically monitor for whales in the exposed area. Tagged whales initiated avoidance of the sound source over a wide range of distances (0.8–28 km), with responses characteristic of beaked whales. Both onset and intensity of response were better predicted by received sound pressure level (SPL) than by source distance. Avoidance threshold SPLs estimated for each whale ranged from 117–126 dB re 1 µPa, comparable to those of other tagged beaked whales. In this pristine underwater acoustic environment, we found no indication that the source distances tested in our experiments modulated the behavioural effects of sonar, as has been suggested for locations where whales are frequently exposed to sonar.",
keywords = "Hyperoodon ampullatus, Military sonar, Cetacean, Marine mammal, Disturbance",
author = "Wensveen, {Paul J.} and Saana Isojunno and Hansen, {Rune R.} and {Von Benda-beckmann}, {Alexander M.} and Lars Kleivane and {Van Ijsselmuide}, Sander and Lam, {Frans-peter A.} and Kvadsheim, {Petter H.} and Deruiter, {Stacy L.} and Charlotte Cur{\'e} and Tomoko Narazaki and Tyack, {Peter L.} and Miller, {Patrick J. O.}",
note = "The research described in this paper was supported by US Office of Naval Research (ONR grants N00014-15-1-2533 and N00014-16-1-3059), US Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP award RC-2337), the French Ministry of Defence (DGA) and the Netherlands Ministry of Defence. P.L.T. acknowledges support from the MASTS pooling initiative (Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland; supported by the Scottish Funding Council, grant reference HR09011, and contributing institutions). All relevant data and scripts are within the paper and its electronic supplementary material, or available from the Dryad Digital Repository: https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.fc5c0s4",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1098/rspb.2018.2592",
language = "English",
volume = "286",
journal = "Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "Royal Society of London",
number = "1899",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals

AU - Wensveen, Paul J.

AU - Isojunno, Saana

AU - Hansen, Rune R.

AU - Von Benda-beckmann, Alexander M.

AU - Kleivane, Lars

AU - Van Ijsselmuide, Sander

AU - Lam, Frans-peter A.

AU - Kvadsheim, Petter H.

AU - Deruiter, Stacy L.

AU - Curé, Charlotte

AU - Narazaki, Tomoko

AU - Tyack, Peter L.

AU - Miller, Patrick J. O.

N1 - The research described in this paper was supported by US Office of Naval Research (ONR grants N00014-15-1-2533 and N00014-16-1-3059), US Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP award RC-2337), the French Ministry of Defence (DGA) and the Netherlands Ministry of Defence. P.L.T. acknowledges support from the MASTS pooling initiative (Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland; supported by the Scottish Funding Council, grant reference HR09011, and contributing institutions). All relevant data and scripts are within the paper and its electronic supplementary material, or available from the Dryad Digital Repository: https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.fc5c0s4

PY - 2019/3/20

Y1 - 2019/3/20

N2 - Impact assessments for sonar operations typically use received sound levels to predict behavioural disturbance in marine mammals. However, there are indications that cetaceans may learn to associate exposures from distant sound sources with lower perceived risk. To investigate the roles of source distance and received level in an area without frequent sonar activity, we conducted multi-scale controlled exposure experiments (n = 3) with 12 northern bottlenose whales near Jan Mayen, Norway. Animals were tagged with high-resolution archival tags (n = 1 per experiment) or medium-resolution satellite tags (n = 9 in total) and subsequently exposed to sonar. We also deployed bottom-moored recorders to acoustically monitor for whales in the exposed area. Tagged whales initiated avoidance of the sound source over a wide range of distances (0.8–28 km), with responses characteristic of beaked whales. Both onset and intensity of response were better predicted by received sound pressure level (SPL) than by source distance. Avoidance threshold SPLs estimated for each whale ranged from 117–126 dB re 1 µPa, comparable to those of other tagged beaked whales. In this pristine underwater acoustic environment, we found no indication that the source distances tested in our experiments modulated the behavioural effects of sonar, as has been suggested for locations where whales are frequently exposed to sonar.

AB - Impact assessments for sonar operations typically use received sound levels to predict behavioural disturbance in marine mammals. However, there are indications that cetaceans may learn to associate exposures from distant sound sources with lower perceived risk. To investigate the roles of source distance and received level in an area without frequent sonar activity, we conducted multi-scale controlled exposure experiments (n = 3) with 12 northern bottlenose whales near Jan Mayen, Norway. Animals were tagged with high-resolution archival tags (n = 1 per experiment) or medium-resolution satellite tags (n = 9 in total) and subsequently exposed to sonar. We also deployed bottom-moored recorders to acoustically monitor for whales in the exposed area. Tagged whales initiated avoidance of the sound source over a wide range of distances (0.8–28 km), with responses characteristic of beaked whales. Both onset and intensity of response were better predicted by received sound pressure level (SPL) than by source distance. Avoidance threshold SPLs estimated for each whale ranged from 117–126 dB re 1 µPa, comparable to those of other tagged beaked whales. In this pristine underwater acoustic environment, we found no indication that the source distances tested in our experiments modulated the behavioural effects of sonar, as has been suggested for locations where whales are frequently exposed to sonar.

KW - Hyperoodon ampullatus

KW - Military sonar

KW - Cetacean

KW - Marine mammal

KW - Disturbance

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2018.2592

DO - 10.1098/rspb.2018.2592

M3 - Article

VL - 286

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1899

M1 - 20182592

ER -

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