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Ordered mesoporous carbon as a support for palladium-based hydrodechlorination catalysts

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Farzeen Sakina, Carlos Fernandez-Ruiz, Jorge Bedia, Luisa Gomez-Sainero, Richard Baker

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Abstract

Ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) was employed as a support for palladium nanoparticles in catalysts for the gas phase hydrodechlorination (HDC) of trichloromethane (TCM). 1 wt% palladium was incorporated using three methods: incipient wetness (IW); a dilute solution (DS) method; and a solid-liquid (SL) method. The effect of the preparation method on catalyst structure and activity was investigated. Catalyst composition and nanostructure were studied using gas physisorption, high specification transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Catalytic conversion and product selectivities were determined in steady-state activity tests at temperatures between 70 and 300 °C. Two of the catalysts (IW and DS) showed excellent dispersion of fine Pd nanoparticles of average diameter ~2 nm. These materials showed excellent activity for HDC of TCM which compares favourably with the performance reported for Pd on amorphous carbon catalysts. In addition, they showed relatively high selectivities to the more valuable higher hydrocarbons. However, the SL method gave rise to catalysts with larger particles (~3 nm) and a less uniform palladium distribution. This resulted in lower conversion and lower selectivities to higher hydrocarbons and in more severe catalyst deactivation at the highest reaction temperatures.
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Original languageEnglish
Article number23
Number of pages16
JournalCatalysts
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2020

    Research areas

  • Palladium, Porous materials, Hydrodechlorination, Chloroalkane, Catalysis, TEM

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