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Osmotic and volaemic effects on drinking rate in elasmobranch fish

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Author(s)

WG Anderson, Y Takei, Neil Hazon

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Abstract

An increase in drinking rate of two species of marine elasmobranch fish, Scyliorhinus cauicula and Triakis scyllia, acclimated to 80% sea water was observed following the introduction of 100% sea water to experimental tanks. The drinking response in both species was found to be maximal within 6h, and a significant increase was sustained for up to 24h in T. scyllia. Plasma osmolality was significantly increased within 6 h following introduction of 100% sea water, and this increase was principally due to elevated plasma Na+ and Cl-concentrations. Administration of 2 moll(-1) mannitol, 75% sucrose and vehicle (elasmobranch Ringer) did not induce a significant increase or decrease in the drinking rate of S. canicula. However, injection of 20% NaCl was found to decrease drinking rate significantly in S. canicula 60 min after administration. Controlled haemorrhage of approximately 5.7% of total blood volume in S. canicula induced a rapid 36-fold increase in drinking over basal levels. The present study demonstrates a physiological dipsogenesis in response to hypovolaemia in marine elasmobranch fish as part of their overall iso/hyperosmoregulatory strategy.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1115-1122
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume205
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 2002

    Research areas

  • elasmobranch, hypovolaemia, hyperosmoraemia, drinking rate, dogfish, Scyliorhinus canicula, Triakis scyllia, ATRIAL-NATRIURETIC-PEPTIDE, RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM, WATER-INTAKE, SCYLIORHINUS-CANICULA, SECRETORY DYNAMICS, ANGUILLA-JAPONICA, TRIAKIS-SCYLLIA, RECTAL GLAND, FRESH-WATER, UREA

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