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Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

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Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales. / Zimmer, WMX; Harwood, John; Tyack, Peter Lloyd; Johnson, Mark; Madsen, Peter T.

In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 124, No. 5, 11.2008, p. 2823-2832.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Zimmer, WMX, Harwood, J, Tyack, PL, Johnson, M & Madsen, PT 2008, 'Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 124, no. 5, pp. 2823-2832. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.2988277

APA

Zimmer, WMX., Harwood, J., Tyack, P. L., Johnson, M., & Madsen, P. T. (2008). Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 124(5), 2823-2832. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.2988277

Vancouver

Zimmer WMX, Harwood J, Tyack PL, Johnson M, Madsen PT. Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2008 Nov;124(5):2823-2832. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.2988277

Author

Zimmer, WMX ; Harwood, John ; Tyack, Peter Lloyd ; Johnson, Mark ; Madsen, Peter T. / Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales. In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2008 ; Vol. 124, No. 5. pp. 2823-2832.

Bibtex - Download

@article{901b0097984f4196acee2e8148d56613,
title = "Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales",
abstract = "Beaked whales can remain submerged for an hour or more and are difficult to sight when they come to the surface to breathe. Passive acoustic detection (PAD) not only complements traditional visual-based methods for detecting these species but also can be more effective because beaked whales produce clicks regularly to echolocate on prey during deep foraging dives. The effectiveness of PAD for beaked whales depends not only on the acoustic behavior and output of the animals but also on environmental conditions and the quality of the passive sonar implemented. A primary constraint on the range at which beaked whale clicks can be detected involves their high frequencies, which attenuate rapidly, resulting in limited ranges of detection, especially in adverse environmental conditions. Given current knowledge of source parameters and in good conditions, for example, with a wind speed of 2 m/s, a receiver close to the surface should be able to detect acoustically Cuvier's beaked whales with a high probability at distances up to 0.7 km, provided the listening duration exceeds the deep dive interval, about 2.5 h on average. Detection ranges beyond 4 km are unlikely and would require low ambient noise or special sound propagation conditions. (C) 2008 Acoustical Society of America. [DOI: 10.1121/1.2988277]",
keywords = "PHYSETER-MACROCEPHALUS, ECHOLOCATION CLICKS, SPERM-WHALES, BEHAVIOR, SONAR, SOUND, ARRAY, TAG",
author = "WMX Zimmer and John Harwood and Tyack, {Peter Lloyd} and Mark Johnson and Madsen, {Peter T}",
year = "2008",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1121/1.2988277",
language = "English",
volume = "124",
pages = "2823--2832",
journal = "Journal of the Acoustical Society of America",
issn = "0001-4966",
publisher = "Acoustical Society of America",
number = "5",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whales

AU - Zimmer, WMX

AU - Harwood, John

AU - Tyack, Peter Lloyd

AU - Johnson, Mark

AU - Madsen, Peter T

PY - 2008/11

Y1 - 2008/11

N2 - Beaked whales can remain submerged for an hour or more and are difficult to sight when they come to the surface to breathe. Passive acoustic detection (PAD) not only complements traditional visual-based methods for detecting these species but also can be more effective because beaked whales produce clicks regularly to echolocate on prey during deep foraging dives. The effectiveness of PAD for beaked whales depends not only on the acoustic behavior and output of the animals but also on environmental conditions and the quality of the passive sonar implemented. A primary constraint on the range at which beaked whale clicks can be detected involves their high frequencies, which attenuate rapidly, resulting in limited ranges of detection, especially in adverse environmental conditions. Given current knowledge of source parameters and in good conditions, for example, with a wind speed of 2 m/s, a receiver close to the surface should be able to detect acoustically Cuvier's beaked whales with a high probability at distances up to 0.7 km, provided the listening duration exceeds the deep dive interval, about 2.5 h on average. Detection ranges beyond 4 km are unlikely and would require low ambient noise or special sound propagation conditions. (C) 2008 Acoustical Society of America. [DOI: 10.1121/1.2988277]

AB - Beaked whales can remain submerged for an hour or more and are difficult to sight when they come to the surface to breathe. Passive acoustic detection (PAD) not only complements traditional visual-based methods for detecting these species but also can be more effective because beaked whales produce clicks regularly to echolocate on prey during deep foraging dives. The effectiveness of PAD for beaked whales depends not only on the acoustic behavior and output of the animals but also on environmental conditions and the quality of the passive sonar implemented. A primary constraint on the range at which beaked whale clicks can be detected involves their high frequencies, which attenuate rapidly, resulting in limited ranges of detection, especially in adverse environmental conditions. Given current knowledge of source parameters and in good conditions, for example, with a wind speed of 2 m/s, a receiver close to the surface should be able to detect acoustically Cuvier's beaked whales with a high probability at distances up to 0.7 km, provided the listening duration exceeds the deep dive interval, about 2.5 h on average. Detection ranges beyond 4 km are unlikely and would require low ambient noise or special sound propagation conditions. (C) 2008 Acoustical Society of America. [DOI: 10.1121/1.2988277]

KW - PHYSETER-MACROCEPHALUS

KW - ECHOLOCATION CLICKS

KW - SPERM-WHALES

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - SONAR

KW - SOUND

KW - ARRAY

KW - TAG

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=56749165573&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1121/1.2988277

DO - 10.1121/1.2988277

M3 - Article

VL - 124

SP - 2823

EP - 2832

JO - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

T2 - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

JF - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

SN - 0001-4966

IS - 5

ER -

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ID: 424640