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Research at St Andrews

Pitch bending technique on early horns by manipulation of the embouchure: a comparison between measured and predicted data

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Author(s)

Lisa Norman, Jonathan A Kemp, John Chick, Murray Campbell

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Brass players sometimes adopt a technique whereby they adjust their embouchure in order to alter or bend the pitch of a note away from the centre of the resonance. The ease and control with which this can be achieved is an important factor in assessing the playability of a brass instrument. A good instrument will have well defined resonances, but experienced players do not like instruments with notes that are too ‘stiff’, and which lack sufficient flexibility for musical expression. The need for the ability to bend the pitch of a note is particularly important for natural trumpets and horns used in the baroque era, when instruments did not have valves and players were required to bend the pitch of some resonances (e.g. the 11th and 13th) by a significant fraction of a semitone. The instrument and player form a complex and closely coupled system. Using experimental data from playing tests on early orchestral horns, and comparing these results with those from a recently developed time domain model, it is possible to begin to identify features of an instrument and its interaction with a player which make it more or less susceptible to this type of manipulation.
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Stockholm Music Acoustics Conference 2013
Subtitle of host publication4th Stockholm Music Acoustics Conference
EditorsRoberto Bresin, Anders Askenfelt
Place of PublicationStockholm
PublisherRoyal Institute of Technology (KTH)
Pages534-539
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-91-7501-830-0
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2013
EventProceedings of the Stockholm Music Acoustics Conference 2013, SMAC 2013 - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 30 Jul 20133 Aug 2013

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the Stockholm Music Acoustics Conference 2013, SMAC 2013
CountrySweden
CityStockholm
Period30/07/133/08/13

    Research areas

  • Lip, Horn, Physical modelling, Synthesis, Bend

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