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Predicting melting points of organic molecules: applications to aqueous solubility prediction using the General Solubility Equation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this work we make predictions of several important molecular properties of academic and industrial importance to seek answers to two questions: 1) Can we apply efficient machine learning techniques, using inexpensive descriptors, to predict melting points to a reasonable level of accuracy? 2) Can values of this level of accuracy be usefully applied to predicting aqueous solubility? We present predictions of melting points made by several novel machine learning models, previously applied to solubility prediction. Additionally, we make predictions of solubility via the General Solubility Equation (GSE) and monitor the impact of varying the logP prediction model (AlogP and XlogP) on the GSE. We note that the machine learning models presented, using a modest number of 2D descriptors, can make melting point predictions in line with the current state of the art prediction methods (RMSE ≥ 40 oC). We also find that predicted melting points, with an RMSE of tens of degrees Celsius, can be usefully applied to the GSE to yield accurate solubility predictions (log10S RMSE < 1) over a small dataset of druglike molecules.
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-724
JournalMolecular Informatics
Volume34
Issue number11-12
Early online date20 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

    Research areas

  • Machine learning, Melting points, Pharmaceuticals, QSPR, Solubility

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