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Prelinguistic Infants, but Not Chimpanzees, Communicate About Absent Entities

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Prelinguistic Infants, but Not Chimpanzees, Communicate About Absent Entities. / Liszkowski, Ulf; Schaefer, Marie; Carpenter, Malinda; Tomasello, Michael.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 20, No. 5, 05.2009, p. 654-660.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Liszkowski, U, Schaefer, M, Carpenter, M & Tomasello, M 2009, 'Prelinguistic Infants, but Not Chimpanzees, Communicate About Absent Entities', Psychological Science, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 654-660. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02346.x

APA

Liszkowski, U., Schaefer, M., Carpenter, M., & Tomasello, M. (2009). Prelinguistic Infants, but Not Chimpanzees, Communicate About Absent Entities. Psychological Science, 20(5), 654-660. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02346.x

Vancouver

Liszkowski U, Schaefer M, Carpenter M, Tomasello M. Prelinguistic Infants, but Not Chimpanzees, Communicate About Absent Entities. Psychological Science. 2009 May;20(5):654-660. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02346.x

Author

Liszkowski, Ulf ; Schaefer, Marie ; Carpenter, Malinda ; Tomasello, Michael. / Prelinguistic Infants, but Not Chimpanzees, Communicate About Absent Entities. In: Psychological Science. 2009 ; Vol. 20, No. 5. pp. 654-660.

Bibtex - Download

@article{4772f621785f434494737616f7b5ffda,
title = "Prelinguistic Infants, but Not Chimpanzees, Communicate About Absent Entities",
abstract = "One of the defining features of human language is displacement, the ability to make reference to absent entities. Here we show that prelinguistic, 12-month-old infants already can use a nonverbal pointing gesture to make reference to absent entities. We also show that chimpanzees-who can point for things they want humans to give them-do not point to refer to absent entities in the same way. These results demonstrate that the ability to communicate about absent but mutually known entities depends not on language, but rather on deeper social-cognitive skills that make acts of linguistic reference possible in the first place. These nonlinguistic skills for displaced reference emerged apparently only after humans' divergence from great apes some 6 million years ago.",
author = "Ulf Liszkowski and Marie Schaefer and Malinda Carpenter and Michael Tomasello",
year = "2009",
month = may,
doi = "10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02346.x",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "654--660",
journal = "Psychological Science",
issn = "0956-7976",
publisher = "Sage",
number = "5",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prelinguistic Infants, but Not Chimpanzees, Communicate About Absent Entities

AU - Liszkowski, Ulf

AU - Schaefer, Marie

AU - Carpenter, Malinda

AU - Tomasello, Michael

PY - 2009/5

Y1 - 2009/5

N2 - One of the defining features of human language is displacement, the ability to make reference to absent entities. Here we show that prelinguistic, 12-month-old infants already can use a nonverbal pointing gesture to make reference to absent entities. We also show that chimpanzees-who can point for things they want humans to give them-do not point to refer to absent entities in the same way. These results demonstrate that the ability to communicate about absent but mutually known entities depends not on language, but rather on deeper social-cognitive skills that make acts of linguistic reference possible in the first place. These nonlinguistic skills for displaced reference emerged apparently only after humans' divergence from great apes some 6 million years ago.

AB - One of the defining features of human language is displacement, the ability to make reference to absent entities. Here we show that prelinguistic, 12-month-old infants already can use a nonverbal pointing gesture to make reference to absent entities. We also show that chimpanzees-who can point for things they want humans to give them-do not point to refer to absent entities in the same way. These results demonstrate that the ability to communicate about absent but mutually known entities depends not on language, but rather on deeper social-cognitive skills that make acts of linguistic reference possible in the first place. These nonlinguistic skills for displaced reference emerged apparently only after humans' divergence from great apes some 6 million years ago.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02346.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02346.x

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 654

EP - 660

JO - Psychological Science

JF - Psychological Science

SN - 0956-7976

IS - 5

ER -

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