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Primary education in Vietnam and pupil online engagement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Quynh Nguyen, Raouf Naguib, Ashish Das, Michail Papathomas, Edgar Vallar, Nilmini Wickramasinghe, Gil Nonato Santos, Maria Cecilia Galvez, Viet Nguyen

School/Research organisations


This paper focuses on exploring the disparities in social awareness and use of the Internet between urban and rural school children in the North of Vietnam.
A total of 525 pupils, aged 9 to 11 years old, randomly selected from 7 urban and rural schools, who are Internet users, participated in the study and consented to responding to a questionnaire adapted from an equivalent European Union (EU) study. A comparative statistical analysis of the responses was then carried out, using IBM SPSS v21, which consisted of a descriptive analysis, an identification of personal self-development opportunities, as well as issues related to pupils’ digital prowess and knowledge of Internet use, and Internet safety, including parental engagement in their offspring’s online activities.
The study highlights the fact that children from both the urban and rural regions of the North of Vietnam mostly access the Internet from home, but with more children in the urbanized areas accessing it at school than their rural counterparts. Although children from the rural areas scored lower on all the Internet indicators, such as digital access and online personal experience and awareness, there was no disparity in awareness of Internet risks between the two sub-samples. It is noteworthy that there was no statistically significant gender difference towards online activities that support self-development. In relation to safe Internet usage, children are likely to seek advice from their parents, rather than through teachers or friends. However, they are not yet provided with an effective safety net while exposing themselves to the digital world.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-83
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Management
Issue number1
Early online date8 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2018

    Research areas

  • Pedagogy, Computer Science, Internet, Urban and rural schools, North Vietnam

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