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Quantifying turnover in biodiversity of British breeding birds

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DOI

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Quantifying turnover in biodiversity of British breeding birds. / Harrison, Phil; Yuan, Yuan; Buckland, Stephen Terrence; Oedekoven, Cornelia Sabrina; Elston, David Andrew; Brewer, Mark; Johnston, Alison; Pierce-Higgins, James.

In: Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 53, No. 2, 22.02.2016, p. 469-478.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Harrison, P, Yuan, Y, Buckland, ST, Oedekoven, CS, Elston, DA, Brewer, M, Johnston, A & Pierce-Higgins, J 2016, 'Quantifying turnover in biodiversity of British breeding birds' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 53, no. 2, pp. 469-478. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12539

APA

Harrison, P., Yuan, Y., Buckland, S. T., Oedekoven, C. S., Elston, D. A., Brewer, M., ... Pierce-Higgins, J. (2016). Quantifying turnover in biodiversity of British breeding birds. Journal of Applied Ecology, 53(2), 469-478. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12539

Vancouver

Harrison P, Yuan Y, Buckland ST, Oedekoven CS, Elston DA, Brewer M et al. Quantifying turnover in biodiversity of British breeding birds. Journal of Applied Ecology. 2016 Feb 22;53(2):469-478. Available from, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12539

Author

Harrison, Phil; Yuan, Yuan; Buckland, Stephen Terrence; Oedekoven, Cornelia Sabrina; Elston, David Andrew; Brewer, Mark; Johnston, Alison; Pierce-Higgins, James / Quantifying turnover in biodiversity of British breeding birds.

In: Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 53, No. 2, 22.02.2016, p. 469-478.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bibtex - Download

@article{47c415f96dfe4be6abaa7f54a057ddc6,
title = "Quantifying turnover in biodiversity of British breeding birds",
abstract = "1. A key aspect of monitoring regional changes in biodiversity is to quantify the temporal turnover in communities. Turnover has traditionally been assessed by observing range change. However, we are often interested in trends in biodiversity of large regions as opposed to single sites, as with Convention for Biological Diversity targets. Extinctions and colonizations tend to be rare events at the regional level; changes in species proportions estimated from spatio-temporal models of species abundance are then more sensitive measures of community change. 2. We investigate three measures for quantifying turnover based on species proportions, and estimate how each varies across Great Britain using data from the British Trust for Ornithology’s Breeding Bird Survey. 3. All three measures identify high turnover associated with loss of biodiversity in the south-east of England. This seems to be driven by changes in the farmland bird community, and by turnover in the scarcer species of the woodland bird community. The measures also show evidence of high turnover in the west of Scotland; these changes may be linked to climate change, although precision in our measures for this region is relatively poor due to low survey effort.4. Policy implications. Turnover in ecological communities may be quantified by modelling species abundance, and measuring how resulting species proportions change over time. When used alongside estimated temporal trends in biodiversity, these can identify areas and communities showing greatest evidence for change. How, and indeed even whether, society should respond to such changes depends on further investigation into the causes of the changes, and the extent to which these are seen as undesirable and avoidable. For those communities with adequate survey data, we recommend that these methods augment the suite of measures used for routine assessment of change, hence acting as a more sensitive trigger to set in motion exploration of causes and consideration of adaptive actions to be taken by land managers and policy makers.",
keywords = "Biodiversity, Breeding Bird Survey, Climate change, Farmland bird community, Species proportions, Turnover, Woodland bird community",
author = "Phil Harrison and Yuan Yuan and Buckland, {Stephen Terrence} and Oedekoven, {Cornelia Sabrina} and Elston, {David Andrew} and Mark Brewer and Alison Johnston and James Pierce-Higgins",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1111/1365-2664.12539",
volume = "53",
pages = "469--478",
journal = "Journal of Applied Ecology",
issn = "0021-8901",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantifying turnover in biodiversity of British breeding birds

AU - Harrison,Phil

AU - Yuan,Yuan

AU - Buckland,Stephen Terrence

AU - Oedekoven,Cornelia Sabrina

AU - Elston,David Andrew

AU - Brewer,Mark

AU - Johnston,Alison

AU - Pierce-Higgins,James

PY - 2016/2/22

Y1 - 2016/2/22

N2 - 1. A key aspect of monitoring regional changes in biodiversity is to quantify the temporal turnover in communities. Turnover has traditionally been assessed by observing range change. However, we are often interested in trends in biodiversity of large regions as opposed to single sites, as with Convention for Biological Diversity targets. Extinctions and colonizations tend to be rare events at the regional level; changes in species proportions estimated from spatio-temporal models of species abundance are then more sensitive measures of community change. 2. We investigate three measures for quantifying turnover based on species proportions, and estimate how each varies across Great Britain using data from the British Trust for Ornithology’s Breeding Bird Survey. 3. All three measures identify high turnover associated with loss of biodiversity in the south-east of England. This seems to be driven by changes in the farmland bird community, and by turnover in the scarcer species of the woodland bird community. The measures also show evidence of high turnover in the west of Scotland; these changes may be linked to climate change, although precision in our measures for this region is relatively poor due to low survey effort.4. Policy implications. Turnover in ecological communities may be quantified by modelling species abundance, and measuring how resulting species proportions change over time. When used alongside estimated temporal trends in biodiversity, these can identify areas and communities showing greatest evidence for change. How, and indeed even whether, society should respond to such changes depends on further investigation into the causes of the changes, and the extent to which these are seen as undesirable and avoidable. For those communities with adequate survey data, we recommend that these methods augment the suite of measures used for routine assessment of change, hence acting as a more sensitive trigger to set in motion exploration of causes and consideration of adaptive actions to be taken by land managers and policy makers.

AB - 1. A key aspect of monitoring regional changes in biodiversity is to quantify the temporal turnover in communities. Turnover has traditionally been assessed by observing range change. However, we are often interested in trends in biodiversity of large regions as opposed to single sites, as with Convention for Biological Diversity targets. Extinctions and colonizations tend to be rare events at the regional level; changes in species proportions estimated from spatio-temporal models of species abundance are then more sensitive measures of community change. 2. We investigate three measures for quantifying turnover based on species proportions, and estimate how each varies across Great Britain using data from the British Trust for Ornithology’s Breeding Bird Survey. 3. All three measures identify high turnover associated with loss of biodiversity in the south-east of England. This seems to be driven by changes in the farmland bird community, and by turnover in the scarcer species of the woodland bird community. The measures also show evidence of high turnover in the west of Scotland; these changes may be linked to climate change, although precision in our measures for this region is relatively poor due to low survey effort.4. Policy implications. Turnover in ecological communities may be quantified by modelling species abundance, and measuring how resulting species proportions change over time. When used alongside estimated temporal trends in biodiversity, these can identify areas and communities showing greatest evidence for change. How, and indeed even whether, society should respond to such changes depends on further investigation into the causes of the changes, and the extent to which these are seen as undesirable and avoidable. For those communities with adequate survey data, we recommend that these methods augment the suite of measures used for routine assessment of change, hence acting as a more sensitive trigger to set in motion exploration of causes and consideration of adaptive actions to be taken by land managers and policy makers.

KW - Biodiversity

KW - Breeding Bird Survey

KW - Climate change

KW - Farmland bird community

KW - Species proportions

KW - Turnover

KW - Woodland bird community

U2 - 10.1111/1365-2664.12539

DO - 10.1111/1365-2664.12539

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 469

EP - 478

JO - Journal of Applied Ecology

T2 - Journal of Applied Ecology

JF - Journal of Applied Ecology

SN - 0021-8901

IS - 2

ER -

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