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Quantitative dating of pleistocene deposits of the Kyrenia range, Northern Cyprus: implications for timing, rates of uplift and driving mechanisms

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Romesh N. Palamakumbura, Alastair H. F. Robertson, Tim C. Kinnaird, Peter van Calsteren, Dick Kroon, Jenny A. Tait

Abstract

The Kyrenia Range underwent tectonically driven uplift during the Pliocene to Pleistocene in response to the interaction of various tectonic processes. To understand the tectonic processes driving the uplift and how this is related to uplift of other areas of the Eastern Mediterranean, uranium-series disequilibrium and optically stimulated luminescence dating were applied to marine and non-marine terrace deposits exposed on the northern flank of the range. Palaeomagnetism and strontium isotope dating were used in conjunction to date the final stages of the marine environment adjacent to the Kyrenia Range prior to major surface uplift. Uplift rates range from >1.2 mm a−1, inferred during the Early Pleistocene, to <0.2 mm a−1during the Late Pleistocene. The new data show that the Kyrenia Range was uplifted contemporaneously with the Troodos Massif in southern Cyprus. The uplift of the Kyrenia Range appears to have been significantly faster than that affecting other comparable regions in the easternmost Mediterranean during the Pleistocene (e.g. Lebanon coast; southern Anatolian plateau). The driving mechanism for the uplift of both the Kyrenia Range and the Troodos Massif is inferred to be the collision of the Eratosthenes Seamount with the Cyprus trench to the south of Cyprus.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)933-948
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Geological Society
Volume173
Issue number6
Early online date3 Jun 2016
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016

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