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Reactivity profile of a peri-substitution-stabilized phosphanylidene-phosphorane: synthetic, structural, and computational studies

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Brian Andrew Surgenor, Brian Alexander Chalmers, Kasun Sankalpa Athukorala Arachchige, Alexandra Martha Zoya Slawin, J Derek Woollins, Michael Buehl, Petr Kilian

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The reactions of peri-substitution-stabilized phosphanylidene-phosphorane 1 with [AuCl(tht)] or [PtCl2(cod)] afford binuclear complexes [((1)(AuCl)2)2] 2 and [((1)(PtCl2))2] 3, in which four electrons of the ligand are used in bonding to two metal atoms in the bridging arrangement. Reactions of 1 with [Mo(CO)4(nbd)] or (RhCl2Cp*)2 afford mononuclear complexes [(1)2Mo(CO)4] 4 and [(1)RhCl2Cp*] 5, in which two electrons of the ligand are used to form terminal complexes. Formation of these complexes disrupts the negative hyperconjugation at the P–P bond to various extents, which is mirrored by variations in their P–P bond distances (2.179(4)–2.246(4) Å). The P–P bond is ruptured upon formation of Pd diphosphene complex 6, which is likely to proceed through a phosphinidene intermediate. In air, 1 is fully oxidized to phosphonic acid 7. Reactions of 1 with chalcogens under mild conditions generally afford mixtures of products, from which the trithionated 8, dithionated 9, diselenated 10, and monotellurated 11 species were isolated. The bonding in the chalcogeno derivatives is discussed using DFT (B3LYP) and natural bond orbital analysis, which indicate a contribution from dative bonding in 8–10. The buttressing effect of the peri backbone is shown to be an essential factor in the formation of the single push–double-pull bis(borane) 13. This is demonstrated experimentally through a synthesis parallel to that used to make 13, but lacking the backbone, which leads to different products. The P–P bond distances in the reported products, as well as additional species, are correlated with Wiberg bond indices, showing very good agreement for a variety of bonding modes, including the negative hyperconjugation.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6856–6866
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2014

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