Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Recent increases in assemblage rarity are linked to increasing local immigration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Abstract

As pressures on biodiversity increase, a better understanding of how assemblages are responding is needed. Because rare species, defined here as those that have locally low abundances, make up a high proportion of assemblage species lists, understanding how the number of rare species within assemblages is changing will help elucidate patterns of recent biodiversity change. Here, we show that the number of rare species within assemblages is increasing, on average, across systems. This increase could arise in two ways: species already present in the assemblage decreasing in abundance but with no increase in extinctions, or additional species entering the assemblage in low numbers associated with an increase in immigration. The positive relationship between change in rarity and change in species richness provides evidence for the second explanation, i.e. higher net immigration than extinction among the rare species. These measurable changes in the structure of assemblages in the recent past underline the need to use multiple biodiversity metrics to understand biodiversity change.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number192045
Number of pages9
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2020

    Research areas

  • Rarity, Biodiversity change, Immigration, Invasive species

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Measuring temporal change in alpha diversity: a framework integrating taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity and the iNEXT.3D standardization

    Chao, A., Henderson, P. A., Chiu, C-H., Moyes, F., Hu, K-H., Dornelas, M. & Magurran, A. E., 22 Jul 2021, (Accepted/In press) In: Methods in Ecology and Evolution.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. The shape of species abundance distributions across spatial scales

    Antão, L. H., Magurran, A. E. & Dornelas, M., 7 Apr 2021, In: Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 9, 11 p., 626730.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Landscape-scale forest loss as a catalyst of population and biodiversity change

    Daskalova, G. N., Myers-Smith, I. H., Bjorkman, A. D., Blowes, S. A., Supp, S. R., Magurran, A. E. & Dornelas, M., 19 Jun 2020, In: Science. 368, 6497, p. 1341-1347 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Temperature-related biodiversity change across temperate marine and terrestrial systems

    Antão, L. H., Bates, A. E., Blowes, S. A., Waldock, C., Supp, S. R., Magurran, A. E., Dornelas, M. & Schipper, A. M., 4 May 2020, (E-pub ahead of print) In: Nature Ecology and Evolution.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Mapping human pressures on biodiversity across the planet uncovers anthropogenic threat complexes

    Bowler, D. E., Bjorkman, A. D., Dornelas, M., Myers-Smith, I. H., Navarro, L. M., Niamir, A., Supp, S. R., Waldock, C., Winter, M., Vellend, M., Blowes, S. A., Böhning-Gaese, K., Bruelheide, H., Elahi, R., Antão, L. H., Hines, J., Isbell, F., Jones, H. P., Magurran, A. E., Cabral, J. S. & 1 others, Bates, A. E., 27 Feb 2020, (E-pub ahead of print) In: People and Nature. Early View, p. 1-15 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Re-identification of individuals from images using spot constellations: a case study in Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus)

    Debicki, I. T., Mittell, E. A., Kristjánsson, B. K., Leblanc, C. A., Morrissey, M. B. & Terzić, K., Jul 2021, In: Royal Society Open Science. 8, 7, 19 p., 201768.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Calibrating models of cancer invasion: parameter estimation using approximate Bayesian computation and gradient matching

    Xiao, Y., Thomas, L. & Chaplain, M. A. J., 16 Jun 2021, In: Royal Society Open Science. 8, 6, 17 p., 202237.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Targeted helping and cooperation in zoo-living chimpanzees and bonobos

    Nolte, S. & Call, J., 10 Mar 2021, In: Royal Society Open Science. 8, 3, 19 p., 201688.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Evaluating the influence of action- and subject-specific factors on chimpanzee action copying

    Motes-Rodrigo, A., Mundry, R., Call, J. & Tennie, C., 10 Feb 2021, In: Royal Society Open Science. 8, 2, 20 p., 200228.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Phantom of the forest or successful citizen? Analysing how Northern Goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) cope with the urban environment

    de Chapa, M. M., Courtiol, A., Engler, M., Giese, L., Rutz, C., Lakermann, M., Müskens, G., van der Horst, Y., Zollinger, R., Wirth, H., Kenntner, N., Krueger, O., Chakarov, N., Mueller, A-K., Looft, V., Gruenkorn, T., Hallau, A., Altenkamp, R. & Krone, O., 23 Dec 2020, In: Royal Society Open Science. 7, 12, 18 p., 201356.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Royal Society Open Science (Journal)

    Jonathan Fraser (Member of editorial board)

    2020 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  2. Royal Society Open Science (Journal)

    Malcolm Frederick White (Member of editorial board)

    1 Sep 20191 Sep 2022

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  3. Royal Society Open Science (Journal)

    David Ellard Keith Ferrier (Member of editorial board)

    2017 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  4. Royal Society Open Science (Journal)

    Colva Mary Roney-Dougal (Member of editorial board)

    5 Jul 201613 Sep 2018

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  5. Royal Society Open Science (Journal)

    Mark Andrew Joseph Chaplain (Editor)

    1 Mar 2016 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

ID: 269050458

Top