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Reconstructing coral calcification fluid dissolved inorganic carbon chemistry from skeletal boron: an exploration of potential controls on coral aragonite B/Ca

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Abstract

The boron geochemistry of coral skeletons reflects the dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) chemistry of the calcification fluid from which the skeletons precipitates and may be a valuable tool to investigate the effects of climate change on coral calcification. In this paper I calculate the predicted B/Ca of aragonite precipitating from seawater based fluids as a function of pH, [DIC] and [Ca2+]. I consider how different co-precipitating DIC species affect aragonite B/Ca and also estimate the impact of variations in the B(OH)4/co-precipitating DIC aragonite partition coefficient (KD), which may be associated with changes in the DIC and Ca2+ chemistry of the calcification fluid. The coral skeletal B/Ca versus calcification fluid pH relationships reported previously can be reproduced by estimating B(OH)4 and co-precipitating DIC speciation as a function of pHCF and assuming that KD are constant i.e. unaffected by calcification fluid saturation state. Assuming that B(OH)4 co-precipitates with CO32−, then observed patterns can be reproduced by a fluid with approximately constant [DIC] i.e. increasing pHCF concentrates CO32−, as a function of DIC speciation. Assuming that B(OH)4co-precipitates with HCO3only or CO32− + HCO3 then the observed patterns can be reproduced if [DIC]CF and pHCF are positively related i.e. if DIC is increasingly concentrated in the calcification fluid at higher pHCF probably by CO2 diffusion into the calcification site.
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00387
Number of pages22
JournalHeliyon
Volume3
Issue number8
Early online date30 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

    Research areas

  • Geochemistry, Geology, Oceanography

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