Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Scaling up of the hybrid direct carbon fuel cell technology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Author(s)

Andrew Chien, Gael Pierre Germain Corre, Rui Manuel Marques Antunes, John Thomas Sirr Irvine

School/Research organisations

Abstract

A hybrid direct carbon fuel cell (HDCFC), combining molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) and solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technologies, is capable of converting solid carbon directly into electrical energy without intermediate reforming. The performance level achieved on small-scale cells (area <4 cm2) suggests that engineering developments should now be undertaken to scale up and demonstrate the feasibility of practical systems. The scaling up of the HDCFC through the design and test of single stack repeat unit with realistic cell sizes was investigated in this study. A single cell of -12.56 cm2 active area produced a maximum power of -1.2 W at 800 °C and a current density of -200 mA cm2 at 0.6 V, using wood-based pyrolyzed medium density fiberboard (p-MDF) as fuel. In comparison, the HDCFC with activated carbon as fuel produced a maximum power density of 36 and 53 mW cm_2 at 700 and 800 °C, respectively, and an electric efficiency of -40% evaluated under 0.7 V for 17 h at 700 °C. These results demonstrated the applicability of HDCFC to practical systems while stack units were operated in batch mode and an appropriate fuel feeding mechanism has to be designed. Moreover, more engineering advances should be done to enhance power output since a HDCFC stack unit involves multiple challenges that have not been addressed yet, including system configuration and corrosion protection, and durability.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8497-8502
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume38
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2013

    Research areas

  • Direct carbon fuel cell , MCFC , SOFC , Scale up , p-MDF, Stack

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Lattice strain-enhanced exsolution of nanoparticles in thin films

    Han, H., Park, J., Nam, S. Y., Choi, G. M., Parkin, S. S. P., Jang, H. M. & Irvine, J. T. S., 1 Apr 2019, In : Nature Communications. 10, 8 p., 1471.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Oxygen storage capacity and thermal stability of brownmillerite-type Ca2(Al1-xGax)MnO5+δ oxides

    Huang, X., Ni, C. & Irvine, J. T. S., 14 Aug 2019, In : Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 810, 151865.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. B-site doped perovskite ferrate for efficient anode of a solid oxide fuel cell with in situ metal exsolution

    Ni, C., Zeng, Q., He, D., Peng, L., Xie, D-T., Irvine, J., Duan, S. & Ni, J-P., 29 Oct 2019, In : Journal of Materials Chemistry. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Nanostructured perovskite solar cells

    McDonald, C., Ni, C., Maguire, P., Connor, P., Irvine, J. T. S., Mariotti, D. & Svrcek, V., 18 Oct 2019, In : Nanomaterials. 9, 10, 28 p., 1481.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Enhanced cycling performance of magnesium doped lithium cobalt phosphate

    Kim, E. J., Miller, D., Irvine, J. T. S. & Armstrong, A. R., 26 Sep 2019, In : ChemElectroChem. 6, 18

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Insight into graphite oxidation in a NiO-based hybrid direct carbon fuel cell

    Jiang, C., Cui, C., Ma, J. & Irvine, J. T. S., 23 Sep 2019, In : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Highly dense and chemically stable proton conducting electrolyte sintered at 1200 °C

    Hossain, S., Abdalla, A. M., Radenahmad, N., Zakaria, A. K. M., Zaini, J. H., Rahman, S. M. H., Eriksson, S. G., Irvine, J. T. S. & Azad, A. K., 11 Jan 2018, In : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 43, 2, p. 894-907

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Production and stability of low amount fraction of formaldehyde in hydrogen gas standards

    Bacquart, T., Perkins, M., Ferracci, V., Martin, N. A., Resner, K., Ward, M. K. M., Cassidy, N., Hook, J. B., Brewer, P. J., Irvine, J. T. S., Connor, P. A. & Murugan, A., 29 Mar 2018, In : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 43, 13, p. 6711-6722

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Electrochemical performance of different carbon fuels on a hybrid direct carbon fuel cell

    Li, S., Pan, W., Wang, S., Meng, X., Jiang, C. & Irvine, J. T. S., 22 Jun 2017, In : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 42, 25, p. 16279-16287 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Electrochemical properties and durability of in-situ composite cathodes with SmBa0.5Sr0.5Co2O5+δ for metal supported solid oxide fuel cells

    Irvine, J. T. S., Bae, J., Park, J-Y., Choi, W. S. & Kim, J. H., 12 Jan 2017, In : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 42, 2, p. 1212-1220 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 55995379

Top