Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Selective and contagious prosocial resource donation in capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees and humans

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Author(s)

Nicolas Claidière, Andrew Whiten, Mary C Mareno, Emily J E Messer, Sarah F Brosnan, Lydia M Hopper, Susan P Lambeth, Steven J Schapiro, Nicola McGuigan

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Prosocial acts benefitting others are widespread amongst humans. By contrast, chimpanzees have failed to demonstrate such a disposition in several studies, leading some authors to conclude that the forms of prosociality studied evolved in humans since our common ancestry. However, similar prosocial behavior has since been documented in other primates, such as capuchin monkeys. Here, applying the same methodology to humans, chimpanzees, and capuchins, we provide evidence that all three species will display prosocial behavior, but only in certain conditions. Fundamental forms of prosociality were age-dependent in children, conditional on self-beneficial resource distributions even at age seven, and conditional on social or resource configurations in chimpanzees and capuchins. We provide the first evidence that experience of conspecific companions' prosocial behavior facilitates prosocial behavior in children and chimpanzees. Prosocial actions were manifested in all three species following rules of contingency that may reflect strategically adaptive responses.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number7631
JournalScientific Reports
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2015

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Field experiments with wild primates reveal no consistent dominance-based bias in social learning

    Botting, J., Whiten, A., Grampp, M. & van de Waal, E. Feb 2018 In : Animal Behaviour. 136, p. 1-12 12 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  2. Innovation and social transmission in experimental micro-societies: exploring the scope of cumulative culture in young children

    McGuigan, N., Burdett, E., Burgess, V., Dean, L., Lucas, A., Vale, G. & Whiten, A. 5 Dec 2017 In : Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological Sciences. 372, 1735, 14 p., 20160425

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  3. The development of selective copying: children's learning from an expert versus their mother

    Lucas, A. J., Burdett, E. R. R., Burgess, V., Wood, L. A., McGuigan, N., Harris, P. L. & Whiten, A. 7 Nov 2017 In : Child Development. 88, 6, p. 2026-2042 17 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  4. Social learning, culture and the ‘socio-cultural brain’ of human and non-human primates

    Whiten, A. & van de Waal, E. Nov 2017 In : Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 82, p. 58-75

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewReview article

Related by journal

  1. Tuning the optical properties of silicon quantum dots via surface functionalization with conjugated aromatic fluorophores

    Abdelhameed, M., Rota Martir, D., Chen, S., Xu, W. Z., Oyeneye, O. O., Chakrabarti, S., Zysman-Colman, E. & Charpentier, P. A. 14 Feb 2018 In : Scientific Reports. 8, 3050

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  2. Human mate-choice copying is domain-general social learning

    Street, S. E., Morgan, T. J. H., Thornton, A., Brown, G. R., Laland, K. N. & Cross, C. P. 29 Jan 2018 In : Scientific Reports. 8, 1715

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  3. Telomerecat: a ploidy-agnostic method for estimating telomere length from whole genome sequencing data

    Farmery, J., Smith, M., NIHR BioResource - Rare Diseases & Lynch, A. 22 Jan 2018 In : Scientific Reports. 8, 17 p., 1300

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  4. 150,000-year palaeoclimate record from northern Ethiopia supports early, multiple dispersals of modern humans from Africa

    Lamb, H., Bates, C. R., Bryant, C., Davies, S., Huws, D., Marshall, M. & Roberts, H. 18 Jan 2018 In : Scientific Reports. 8, 7 p., 1077

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  5. Tuning charge carrier transport and optical birefringence in liquid-crystalline thin films: a new design space for organic light-emitting diodes

    Keum, C., Liu, S., Al-Shadeedi, A., Kaphle, V., Koen Callens, M., Han, L., Neyts, K., Zhao, H., Gather, M. C., Bunge, S. D., Twieg, R. J., Jakli, A. & Lüssem, B. 15 Jan 2018 In : Scientific Reports. 8, 12 p., 699

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Related by journal

  1. Scientific Reports (Journal)

    Borst, A. M. (Member of editorial board)
    10 Feb 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

  2. Scientific Reports (Journal)

    Somorjai, I. M. L. (Reviewer)
    2016 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

  3. Scientific Reports (Journal)

    Carroll, E. L. (Member of editorial board)
    3 Oct 2016

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  4. Scientific Reports (Journal)

    Pulver, S. (Editor)
    12 Feb 201512 Feb 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  5. Scientific Reports (Journal)

    Bruce, G. D. (Reviewer)
    2012 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

ID: 162274914