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Self-reported weight and predictors of missing response in youth

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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Abstract

Missing self-reported weight data is a common problem in youth studies, but such data is rarely analysed. The aims of the present manuscript are: to analyse self-reported data on weight, including the missing data, from the 2014 Scottish Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Study, and to investigate whether behavioural factors related with overweight and obesity, namely dietary habits, physical activity and sedentary behaviour, are associated with weight non-response. 10,839 school-aged children 11-, 13- and 15-year-olds participated at the cross-national 2014 Scottish HBSC Study. Weight missing data was evaluated using Little's Missing Completely at Random (MCAR) test. Afterwards, a fitted multivariate logistic regression model was used to determine all possible multivariate associations between weight response and each of the behavioural factors related with obesity. 58.9% of self-reported weight was missing not at random (MCAR p<0.001). Weight was self-reported less frequently by girls (19.2%) than by boys (21.9%). Participants who reported low physical activity practice (OR 1.2, p<0.001), low vegetables consumption (OR 1.24, p<0.001) and high computer gaming in week days (OR 1.18, p=0.003) were more likely to not report their weight. There are groups of young people in Scotland who are less likely to report their weight. Their weight status may be of the greatest concern because of their poorer health profile, based on key behaviours associated with their non-response. Furthermore, knowing the value of a healthy weight and reinforcing healthy lifestyle messages may help raise youth's awareness of how diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviours can influence weight.
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Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Nutrition
VolumeIn press
Early online date12 Feb 2018
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 12 Feb 2018

    Research areas

  • Self-reported weight, Obesity, Missing data, Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Study

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