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Serial killers, spiders and cybersex: social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends

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Serial killers, spiders and cybersex : social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends. / Stubbersfield, Joseph M; Tehrani, Jamshid J; Flynn, Emma G.

In: British Journal of Psychology, Vol. 106, No. 2, 05.2015, p. 288-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Stubbersfield, JM, Tehrani, JJ & Flynn, EG 2015, 'Serial killers, spiders and cybersex: social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends', British Journal of Psychology, vol. 106, no. 2, pp. 288-307. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12073

APA

Stubbersfield, J. M., Tehrani, J. J., & Flynn, E. G. (2015). Serial killers, spiders and cybersex: social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends. British Journal of Psychology, 106(2), 288-307. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12073

Vancouver

Stubbersfield JM, Tehrani JJ, Flynn EG. Serial killers, spiders and cybersex: social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends. British Journal of Psychology. 2015 May;106(2):288-307. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12073

Author

Stubbersfield, Joseph M ; Tehrani, Jamshid J ; Flynn, Emma G. / Serial killers, spiders and cybersex : social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends. In: British Journal of Psychology. 2015 ; Vol. 106, No. 2. pp. 288-307.

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@article{752b06d26a6f49ad987d41a31257e7e4,
title = "Serial killers, spiders and cybersex: social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends",
abstract = "This study uses urban legends to examine the effects of the social information bias and survival information bias on cultural transmission across three phases of transmission: the choose-to-receive phase, the encode-and-retrieve phase, and the choose-to-transmit phase. In line with previous research into content biases, a linear transmission chain design with 60 participants aged 18-52 was used to examine the encode-and-retrieve phase, while participants were asked to rank their interest in reading the story behind a headline and passing a story on for the other two phases. Legends which contained social information (Social Type), legends which contained survival information (Survival Type), and legends which contained both forms of information (Combined Type) were all recalled with significantly greater accuracy than control material, while Social and Combined Type legends were recalled with significantly greater accuracy than Survival Type legends. In another study with 30 participants aged 18-22, no significant differences were found between legend types in either the choose-to-receive phase or the choose-to-transmit phase.",
keywords = "Cultural evolution, Cultural transmission, Evolutionary psychology, Content biases, Urban legends",
author = "Stubbersfield, {Joseph M} and Tehrani, {Jamshid J} and Flynn, {Emma G}",
note = "Date of Acceptance: 02/05/2014",
year = "2015",
month = may,
doi = "10.1111/bjop.12073",
language = "English",
volume = "106",
pages = "288--307",
journal = "British Journal of Psychology",
issn = "0007-1269",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Serial killers, spiders and cybersex

T2 - social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends

AU - Stubbersfield, Joseph M

AU - Tehrani, Jamshid J

AU - Flynn, Emma G

N1 - Date of Acceptance: 02/05/2014

PY - 2015/5

Y1 - 2015/5

N2 - This study uses urban legends to examine the effects of the social information bias and survival information bias on cultural transmission across three phases of transmission: the choose-to-receive phase, the encode-and-retrieve phase, and the choose-to-transmit phase. In line with previous research into content biases, a linear transmission chain design with 60 participants aged 18-52 was used to examine the encode-and-retrieve phase, while participants were asked to rank their interest in reading the story behind a headline and passing a story on for the other two phases. Legends which contained social information (Social Type), legends which contained survival information (Survival Type), and legends which contained both forms of information (Combined Type) were all recalled with significantly greater accuracy than control material, while Social and Combined Type legends were recalled with significantly greater accuracy than Survival Type legends. In another study with 30 participants aged 18-22, no significant differences were found between legend types in either the choose-to-receive phase or the choose-to-transmit phase.

AB - This study uses urban legends to examine the effects of the social information bias and survival information bias on cultural transmission across three phases of transmission: the choose-to-receive phase, the encode-and-retrieve phase, and the choose-to-transmit phase. In line with previous research into content biases, a linear transmission chain design with 60 participants aged 18-52 was used to examine the encode-and-retrieve phase, while participants were asked to rank their interest in reading the story behind a headline and passing a story on for the other two phases. Legends which contained social information (Social Type), legends which contained survival information (Survival Type), and legends which contained both forms of information (Combined Type) were all recalled with significantly greater accuracy than control material, while Social and Combined Type legends were recalled with significantly greater accuracy than Survival Type legends. In another study with 30 participants aged 18-22, no significant differences were found between legend types in either the choose-to-receive phase or the choose-to-transmit phase.

KW - Cultural evolution

KW - Cultural transmission

KW - Evolutionary psychology

KW - Content biases

KW - Urban legends

U2 - 10.1111/bjop.12073

DO - 10.1111/bjop.12073

M3 - Article

C2 - 24975479

VL - 106

SP - 288

EP - 307

JO - British Journal of Psychology

JF - British Journal of Psychology

SN - 0007-1269

IS - 2

ER -

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