Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Size and shape of graphene layers in commercial carbon blacks established by Debye refinement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Size and shape of graphene layers in commercial carbon blacks established by Debye refinement. / Andreev, Yuri Georgievich; Bruce, Peter.

In: Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 49, No. 1, 02.2016, p. 24-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Andreev, YG & Bruce, P 2016, 'Size and shape of graphene layers in commercial carbon blacks established by Debye refinement', Journal of Applied Crystallography, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 24-30. https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600576715021378

APA

Andreev, Y. G., & Bruce, P. (2016). Size and shape of graphene layers in commercial carbon blacks established by Debye refinement. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(1), 24-30. https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600576715021378

Vancouver

Andreev YG, Bruce P. Size and shape of graphene layers in commercial carbon blacks established by Debye refinement. Journal of Applied Crystallography. 2016 Feb;49(1):24-30. https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600576715021378

Author

Andreev, Yuri Georgievich ; Bruce, Peter. / Size and shape of graphene layers in commercial carbon blacks established by Debye refinement. In: Journal of Applied Crystallography. 2016 ; Vol. 49, No. 1. pp. 24-30.

Bibtex - Download

@article{8cc7bc38203743c4ad9fc005da9cd0ec,
title = "Size and shape of graphene layers in commercial carbon blacks established by Debye refinement",
abstract = "The size and the shape of graphene layers in commercial conductive carbon blacks, Super P{\textregistered} and Super S{\textregistered}, have been determined from powder X-ray diffraction data. Using a refinement procedure based on the fundamental diffraction equation of Debye, it is shown that the ordered regions within the layers of both materials are of elliptical shape, curved in a cylindrical fashion along the longer axis of the ellipse. The regions are greater in Super P{\textregistered}, ellipse axes: 5.4 and 2.2 nm, than in Super S{\textregistered}, 4.6 and 2.1 nm, and less curved, curvature radii: 12.7 and 11.7 nm respectively. There is no crystallographic registry between layers that are equidistantly stacked into concentric groups of 6 or 7, on average. ",
keywords = "Graphene, Powder diffraction, Debye equation",
author = "Andreev, {Yuri Georgievich} and Peter Bruce",
note = "PGB acknowledges financial support of EPSRC, including the SUPERGEN project. ",
year = "2016",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1107/S1600576715021378",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "24--30",
journal = "Journal of Applied Crystallography",
issn = "0021-8898",
publisher = "INT UNION CRYSTALLOGRAPHY",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Size and shape of graphene layers in commercial carbon blacks established by Debye refinement

AU - Andreev, Yuri Georgievich

AU - Bruce, Peter

N1 - PGB acknowledges financial support of EPSRC, including the SUPERGEN project.

PY - 2016/2

Y1 - 2016/2

N2 - The size and the shape of graphene layers in commercial conductive carbon blacks, Super P® and Super S®, have been determined from powder X-ray diffraction data. Using a refinement procedure based on the fundamental diffraction equation of Debye, it is shown that the ordered regions within the layers of both materials are of elliptical shape, curved in a cylindrical fashion along the longer axis of the ellipse. The regions are greater in Super P®, ellipse axes: 5.4 and 2.2 nm, than in Super S®, 4.6 and 2.1 nm, and less curved, curvature radii: 12.7 and 11.7 nm respectively. There is no crystallographic registry between layers that are equidistantly stacked into concentric groups of 6 or 7, on average.

AB - The size and the shape of graphene layers in commercial conductive carbon blacks, Super P® and Super S®, have been determined from powder X-ray diffraction data. Using a refinement procedure based on the fundamental diffraction equation of Debye, it is shown that the ordered regions within the layers of both materials are of elliptical shape, curved in a cylindrical fashion along the longer axis of the ellipse. The regions are greater in Super P®, ellipse axes: 5.4 and 2.2 nm, than in Super S®, 4.6 and 2.1 nm, and less curved, curvature radii: 12.7 and 11.7 nm respectively. There is no crystallographic registry between layers that are equidistantly stacked into concentric groups of 6 or 7, on average.

KW - Graphene

KW - Powder diffraction

KW - Debye equation

U2 - 10.1107/S1600576715021378

DO - 10.1107/S1600576715021378

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 24

EP - 30

JO - Journal of Applied Crystallography

JF - Journal of Applied Crystallography

SN - 0021-8898

IS - 1

ER -

Related by author

  1. Na0.35MnO2 as an ionic conductor with randomly distributed nano-sized layers

    Adomkevicius, A., Cabo-Fernandez, L., Wu, T-H., Ou, T-M., Chen, M-G., Andreev, Y., Hu, C-C. & Hardwick, L. J., 28 May 2017, In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 5, 20, p. 10021-10026

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Crystalline polymer electrolytes

    Andreev, Y. G., Zhang, C. & Bruce, FRS, P., Aug 2015, Handbook of Solid State Batteries. Dudney, N. J., West, W. C. & Nanda, J. (eds.). 2nd ed. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd, p. 503-522 (Materials and Energy; vol. 6).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  3. Synthesis of Poly(ethylene oxide) Approaching Monodispersity

    Maranski, K., Andreev, Y. G. & Bruce, P. G., Jun 2014, In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 53, 25, p. 6411-6413 3 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. The Shape of TiO2-B Nanoparticles

    Andreev, Y. G., Panchmatia, P. M., Liu, Z., Parker, S. C., Islam, M. S. & Bruce, P. G., 30 Apr 2014, In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 136, 17, p. 6306-6312 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Nanostructured TiO2(B): the effect of size and shape on anode properties for Li-ion batteries

    Liu, Z., Andreev, Y. G., Armstrong, A. R., Brutti, S., Ren, Y. & Bruce, P. G., Jun 2013, In: Progress in Natural Science: Materials International. 23, 3, p. 235-244 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Neutron scattering length determination by means of total scattering

    Hannon, A. C., Gibbs, A. S. & Takagi, H., Jun 2018, In: Journal of Applied Crystallography. 51, Part 3, p. 854-866 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. A laboratory-based Laue X-ray diffraction system for enhanced imaging range and surface grain mapping

    Whitley, W., Stock, C. & Huxley, A. D., Aug 2015, In: Journal of Applied Crystallography. 48, p. 1342-1345 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Inferential statistics of electron backscatter diffraction data from within individual crystalline grains

    Jupp, P. E., Florian, B., Hielscher, R., Pantleon, W., Schaeben, H. & Wegert, E., 2010, In: Journal of Applied Crystallography. 43, p. 1338-1355 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. A prototype environmental gas cell for in situ small-molecule X-ray diffraction

    Warren, J. E., Pritchard, R. G., Abram, D., Davies, H. M., Savarese, T. L., Cash, R. J., Raithby, P. R., Morris, R., Jones, R. H. & Teat, S. J., Jun 2009, In: Journal of Applied Crystallography. 42, p. 457-460 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 230708641

Top