Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Social facilitation of exploratory foraging behavior in  capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Author(s)

Marietta Dindo, Andrew Whiten, Frans B M de Waal

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Much of the research on animal social learning focuses on complex cognitive functions such as imitation and emulation. When compelling evidence for such processes is not forthcoming, simpler processes are often assumed but rarely directly tested for. In this study we address the phenomenon of social facilitation, whereby the presence of a feeding conspecific is hypothesized to affect the motivation and behavior of the subject, elevating the likelihood of exploration and discovery in relation to the task at hand. Using a novel foraging task, sufficiently challenging that only just over half the subjects successfully gained food from it, we compared the performance of capuchin monkeys working either alone, or in a "social" condition where an actively feeding conspecific was in an adjacent chamber. Although similar numbers of subjects in these conditions were eventually successful during the 20 trials presented, the latency to successful solution of the task was over three times faster for monkeys in the social condition. The minority of monkeys that failed to learn (9/23) were then exposed to a proficient model. Only those older than 5 years provided evidence of learning from this. Accordingly, we obtained evidence for the social facilitation the study was designed to test for, and limited supplementary evidence for social learning in the older individuals who had not learned individually. These results are discussed in relation to other recent evidence for social learning in monkeys. Am. J. Primatol. 71:419-426, 2009. (C) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-426
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Primatology
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

    Research areas

  • individual learning, innovation, trial-and-error learning, social facilitation, Cebus apella, MACAQUES MACACA-FUSCATA, FEEDING-BEHAVIOR, FAMILIAR FOOD, TOOL USE, INNOVATION, IMITATION, MARMOSETS, CULTURES, STONE, AGE

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. The reach of gene-culture coevolution in animals

    Whitehead, H., Laland, K. N., Rendell, L., Thorogood, R. & Whiten, A., 3 Jun 2019, In : Nature Communications. 10, 10 p., 2405.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  2. Animal cultures matter for conservation

    Brakes, P., Dall, S. R. X., Aplin, L. M., Bearhop, S., Carroll, E. L., Ciucci, P., Fishlock, V., Ford, J. K. B., Garland, E. C., Keith, S. A., McGregor, P. K., Mesnick, S. L., Noad, M. J., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Robbins, M. M., Simmonds, M. P., Spina, F., Thornton, A., Wade, P. R., Whiting, M. J. & 5 others, Williams, J., Rendell, L., Whitehead, H., Whiten, A. & Rutz, C., 8 Mar 2019, In : Science. 363, 6431, p. 1032-1034 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. ‘Over-imitation’: a review and appraisal of a decade of research

    Hoehl, S., Keupp, S., Schleihauf, H., McGuigan, N., Buttelmann, D. & Whiten, A., Mar 2019, In : Developmental Review. 51, p. 90-108

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  4. Conformity and over-imitation: an integrative review of variant forms of hyper-reliance on social learning

    Whiten, A., 14 Jan 2019, Advances in the Study of Behavior. Elsevier, (Advances in the Study of Behavior).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Related by journal

  1. American Journal of Primatology (Journal)

    Kate Arnold (Reviewer)
    15 Jul 2013 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

Related by journal

  1. Density and distribution of western chimpanzees around a bauxite deposit in the Boé Sector, Guinea-Bissau

    Dias, F., Wenceslau, J., Marques, T. A. & Miller, D. L., 13 Sep 2019, In : American Journal of Primatology. Early View, e23047.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

  2. Possible mineral contributions to the diet and health of wild chimpanzees in three East African forests

    Reynolds, V., Pascual-Garrido, A., Lloyd, A. W., Lyons, P. & Hobaiter, C., 14 May 2019, In : American Journal of Primatology. Early View, e978.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Are great apes able to reason from multi-item samples to populations of food items?

    Eckert, J., Rakoczy, H. & Call, J., Oct 2017, In : American Journal of Primatology. 79, 10, e22693.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Automated face detection for occurrence and occupancy estimation in chimpanzees

    Crunchant, A-S., Egerer, M., Loos, A., Burghardt, T., Zuberbühler, K., Corogenes, K., Leinert, V., Kulik, L. & Kühl, H. S., Mar 2017, In : American Journal of Primatology. 79, 3, p. 1-12 12 p., e22627.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Chimpanzee uses manipulative gaze cues to conceal and reveal information to foraging competitor

    Hall, K., Oram, M. W., Campbell, M. W., Eppley, T. M., Byrne, R. W. & de Waal, F. B. M., Mar 2017, In : American Journal of Primatology. 79, 3, p. 1-11 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 430650

Top