Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Spatial reconstruction of Scottish summer temperatures from tree rings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Author(s)

Miloš Rydval, Björn E. Gunnarson, Neil J. Loader, Edward R. Cook, Daniel L. Druckenbrod, Rob Wilson

School/Research organisations

Abstract

A detailed understanding of past temporal patterns and spatial expression of temperature variations is important to place recent anthropogenic climate change into a longer term context. In order to fill the current gap in our understanding of northwest European temperature variability, point-by-point principal component regression was used to reconstruct a spatial field of 0.5° temperature grids across Scotland. A sequence of reconstructions utilizing several combinations of detrending and disturbance correction procedures, and a selection of tree-ring parameters [including ring width (RW), maximum latewood density (MXD) and blue intensity (BI)] was used in an evaluation of reconstruction skill. The high resolution of the reconstructed field serves also as a diagnostic tool to spatially assess the temperature reconstruction potential of local chronologies. Best reconstruction results, reaching calibration r2 = 65.8% and verification r2 = 63.7% in central Scotland over the 1901–1976 period, were achieved using disturbance-corrected and signal-free detrended RW chronologies merged with BI data after low-pass (high-pass) filtering the RW (BI) chronologies. Calibration and verification r2 > 50% was attained for central, north and east Scotland, >40% in west and northwest, and >30% in southern Scotland with verification of nearly all grids showing some reconstruction skill. However, the full calibration potential of reconstructions outside central Scotland was reduced either due to residual disturbance trends undetected by the disturbance correction procedure or due to other climatic or non-climatic factors which may have adversely affected the strength of the climate signal.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1540-1556
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Climatology
Volume37
Issue number3
Early online date4 Aug 2016
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2017

    Research areas

  • Dendroclimatology, Tree ring, Temperature, Spatial reconstruction, Scots pine, Scotland

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Tree rings reveal globally coherent signature of cosmogenic radiocarbon events in 774 and 993 CE

    Büntgen, U. , Wacker, L. , Galván, J. D. , Arnold, S. , Arseneault, D. , Baillie, M. , Beer, J. , Bernabei, M. , Bleicher, N. , Boswijk, G. , Bräuning, A. , Carrer, M. , Ljungqvist, F. C. , Cherubini, P. , Christl, M. , Christie, D. A. , Clark, P. W. , Cook, E. R. , D’Arrigo, R. , Davi, N. & 47 others Eggertsson, Ó., Esper, J., Fowler, A. M., Gedalof, Z., Gennaretti, F., Grießinger, J., Grissino-Mayer, H., Grudd, H., Gunnarson, B. E., Hantemirov, R., Herzig, F., Hessl, A., Heussner, K-U., Jull, A. J. T., Kukarskih, V., Kirdyanov, A., Kolář, T., Krusic, P. J., Kyncl, T., Lara, A., LeQuesne, C., Linderholm, H. W., Loader, N. J., Luckman, B., Miyake, F., Myglan, V. S., Nicolussi, K., Oppenheimer, C., Palmer, J., Panyushkina, I., Pederson, N., Rybníček, M., Schweingruber, F. H., Seim, A., Sigl, M., Churakova (Sidorova), O., Speer, J. H., Synal, H-A., Tegel, W., Treydte, K., Villalba, R., Wiles, G., Wilson, R., Winship, L. J., Wunder, J., Yang, B. & Young, G. H. F. 6 Sep 2018 In : Nature Communications. 9, 7 p., 3605

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. A combined tree ring and vegetation model assessment of European forest growth sensitivity to interannual climate variability

    Klesse, S., Babst, F., Lienert, S., Spahni, R., Joos, F., Bouriaud, O., Carrer, M., Di Filippo, A., Poulter, B., Trotsiuk, V., Wilson, R. & Frank, D. C. 23 Aug 2018 In : Global Biogeochemical Cycles. Early View, 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Large-scale, millennial-length temperature reconstructions from tree-rings

    Esper, J., George, S. S., Anchukaitis, K., D'Arrigo, R., Ljungqvist, F., Luterbacher, J., Schneider, L., Stoffel, M., Wilson, R. & Büntgen, U. Aug 2018 In : Dendrochronologia. 50, p. 81-90 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Blue intensity from a tropical conifer’s annual rings for climate reconstruction: an ecophysiological perspective

    Buckley, B. M., Hansen, K. G., Griffin, K. L., Schmiege, S., Oelkers, R., D’Arrigo, R. D., Stahle, D. K., Davi, N., Nguyen, T. Q. T., Le, C. N. & Wilson, R. J. S. Aug 2018 In : Dendrochronologia. 50, p. 10-22 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Influence of sampling and disturbance history on climatic sensitivity of temperature-limited conifers

    Rydval, M., Druckenbrod, D. L., Svoboda, M., Trotsiuk, V., Janda, P., Mikoláš, M., Čada, V., Bače, R., Teodosiu, M. & Wilson, R. 26 Jul 2018 In : The Holocene. Online First

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Tree-ring reconstructed temperature index for coastal northern Japan: implications for western North Pacific variability

    D'Arrigo, R., Wilson, R., Wiles, G., Anchukaitis, K., Solomina, O., Davi, N., Deser, C. & Dolgova, E. 2015 In : International Journal of Climatology.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Pacific and Indian Ocean climate signals in a tree-ring record of Java monsoon drought

    D'Arrigo, R., Allan, R., Wilson, R., Palmer, J., Sakulich, J., Smerdon, J. E., Bijaksana, S. & Ngkoimani, L. O. 30 Nov 2008 In : International Journal of Climatology. 28, p. 1889-1901 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. On the Asian expression of the PDO

    D'Arrigo, R. & Wilson, R. Oct 2006 In : International Journal of Climatology. 26, 12, p. 1607-1617 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 244781233