Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Species richness change across spatial scales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Author(s)

Jonathan M. Chase, Brian J. McGill, Patrick L. Thompson, Laura H. Antão, Amanda E. Bates, Shane A. Blowes, Maria Dornelas, Andrew Gonzalez, Anne E. Magurran, Sarah R. Supp, Marten Winter, Anne D. Bjorkman, Helge Bruelheide, Jarrett E.K. Byrnes, Juliano Sarmento Cabral, Robin Elahi, Catalina Gomez, Hector M. Guzman, Forest Isbell, Isla H. Myers-Smith & 5 more Holly P. Jones, Jes Hines, Mark Vellend, Conor Waldock, Mary O'Connor

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Humans have elevated global extinction rates and thus lowered global scale species richness. However, there is no a priori reason to expect that losses of global species richness should always, or even often, trickle down to losses of species richness at regional and local scales, even though this relationship is often assumed. Here, we show that scale can modulate our estimates of species richness change through time in the face of anthropogenic pressures, but not in a unidirectional way. Instead, the magnitude of species richness change through time can increase, decrease, reverse, or be unimodal across spatial scales. Using several case studies, we show different forms of scale‐dependent richness change through time in the face of anthropogenic pressures. For example, Central American corals show a homogenization pattern, where small scale richness is largely unchanged through time, while larger scale richness change is highly negative. Alternatively, birds in North America showed a differentiation effect, where species richness was again largely unchanged through time at small scales, but was more positive at larger scales. Finally, we collated data from a heterogeneous set of studies of different taxa measured through time from sites ranging from small plots to entire continents, and found highly variable patterns that nevertheless imply complex scale‐dependence in several taxa. In summary, understanding how biodiversity is changing in the Anthropocene requires an explicit recognition of the influence of spatial scale, and we conclude with some recommendations for how to better incorporate scale into our estimates of change.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1079-1091
JournalOikos
Volume128
Issue number8
Early online date14 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

    Research areas

  • Anthropogenic change, Biodiversity change, Spatial scale, Species richness, Time

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Recent increases in assemblage rarity are linked to increasing local immigration

    Jones, F. A. M., Dornelas, M. & Magurran, A., 29 Jul 2020, In: Royal Society Open Science. 7, 7, 9 p., 192045.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Landscape-scale forest loss as a catalyst of population and biodiversity change

    Daskalova, G. N., Myers-Smith, I. H., Bjorkman, A. D., Blowes, S. A., Supp, S. R., Magurran, A. E. & Dornelas, M., 19 Jun 2020, In: Science. 368, 6497, p. 1341-1347

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Temperature-related biodiversity change across temperate marine and terrestrial systems

    Antão, L. H., Bates, A. E., Blowes, S. A., Waldock, C., Supp, S. R., Magurran, A. E., Dornelas, M. & Schipper, A. M., 4 May 2020, In: Nature Ecology and Evolution.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Mapping human pressures on biodiversity across the planet uncovers anthropogenic threat complexes

    Bowler, D. E., Bjorkman, A. D., Dornelas, M., Myers-Smith, I. H., Navarro, L. M., Niamir, A., Supp, S. R., Waldock, C., Winter, M., Vellend, M., Blowes, S. A., Böhning-Gaese, K., Bruelheide, H., Elahi, R., Antão, L. H., Hines, J., Isbell, F., Jones, H. P., Magurran, A. E., Cabral, J. S. & 1 others, Bates, A. E., 27 Feb 2020, In: People and Nature. Early View, p. 1-15 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Towards a macroscope: leveraging technology to transform the breadth, scale and resolution of macroecological data

    Dornelas, M., Madin, E. M. P., Bunce, M., DiBattista, J. D., Johnson, M., Madin, J. S., Magurran, A. E., McGill, B. J., Pettorelli, N., Pizarro, O., Williams, S. B., Winter, M. & Bates, A. E., 15 Nov 2019, In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. 28, 12, p. 1937-1948 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Oikos (Journal)

    Sophie Caroline Smout (Reviewer)

    6 May 2020

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

Related by journal

  1. From pup to predator: generalized hidden Markov models reveal rapid development of movement strategies in a naïve long-lived vertebrate

    Carter, M., McClintock, B. T., Embling, C. B., Bennett, K. A., Thompson, D. & Russell, D. J. F., May 2020, In: Oikos. 129, 5, p. 630-642 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Anthropogenic disturbance in a changing environment: modelling lifetime reproductive success to predict the consequences of multiple stressors on a migratory population

    Pirotta, E., Mangel, M., Costa, D. P., Goldbogen, J., Harwood, J., Hin, V., Irvine, L. M., Mate, B. R., McHuron, E. A., Palacios, D. M., Schwarz, L. K. & New, L., Sep 2019, In: Oikos. 128, 9, p. 1340-1357 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Multi-decadal and ontogenetic trophic shifts inferred from stable isotope ratios of pinniped teeth

    Hanson, N. N., Jones, E. L. & Harris, R., Jan 2018, In: Oikos. 127, 1, p. 134-146 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Ecological traits reveal functional nestedness of bird communities in habitat islands: a global survey

    Matthews, T. J., Sheard, C., Cottee-jones, H. E. W., Bregman, T. P., Tobias, J. A. & Whittaker, R. J., 7 Jul 2015, In: Oikos. 124, 7, p. 817-826

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 259113095

Top